Department of Mechanical Engineering

 

 

Courses

1. COURSE SCHEDULE for Undergraduate Program     

First Year/First Semester

First Year/Second Semester

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

MATH101

PHYS101

CHEM101

EEEG101

ENGG101

EDRG101

COMP103

ENGT101

Calculus and Linear Algebra

General Physics I

General Chemistry

Basic Electrical Engineering

Engineering Project Preparation

Engineering drawing I

Structured Programming

Communication Skills I

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

MATH104

PHYS102

ENVE101

MEEG101

ENGG102

EDRG102

COMP116

ENGT102

ENGG103

Advanced Calculus

General Physics II

Intro. to Env. Engineering

Basic Mechanical EngineeringEngineering Project

Engineering Drawing II

Object Oriented Programming Communication Skills II

Physics Laboratory work

3

3

2

2

2

2

3

2

1

 

Total

20

 

Total

20

Second Year/First Semester

Second Year/Second Semester

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

MEEG219

MATH207

MEEG216

MEEG217

MEEG213

MEEG211

MEEG214

EEEG204

Metrology

Diff. Equations & Complex Variables

Engineering Mechanics

Basic Manufacturing Process

Material Science & Metallurgy

Laboratory work

Engineering Project

Basic Electronics

2

4

3

3

3

2

1

2

MCSC202

MEEG202

MEEG207

MEEG206

MATH208

MEEG212

MEEG215

Numerical Methods

Strength of Materials

Engineering Thermodynamics

Theory of Machines

Statistics and Probability

Laboratory Work

Engineering Project

3

3

3

3

3

2

2

 

 

Total

20

 

Total

19

Third Year/First Semester

Third Year/Second Semester

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

MEEG306

MEEG315

 

MEEG301 EEEG301

MGTS301

MEEG305

MEEG312

Heat Transfer

Machine Element Design and Processes 1

Fluid Mechanics

Control Engineering  

Engineering Economy  

Laboratory Work

Engineering Project 

3

3

 

3

3

3

2

MEEG316

MEEG317

MEEG318

 

MEEG308

 

MEEG311

MEEG313

MEEG309

Heat and Power Engineering

Advance Manufacturing Process

Machine Element Design & Processes II

Production Planning & Inventory Control

Laboratory Work

Engineering Project

Hydraulic Machines

3

3

3

 

3

2

 

2

3

 

Total

19

 

Total

19

Final Year/First Semester

Final Year/Second Semester

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

Course Code

Course Description

Credit

 

MEPP427 MEPP***

MEPP408

MEPP403

MGTS403

MEPP404

MEPP406

Mechatronics

Elective Course

Maintenance Engineering

Refrigeration & Air Conditioning

Engineering Management

Laboratory work

Engineering Project

 

3

3

3

3

3

2

2

MEPP***

MEPP412

MEPP428

MGTS402

 

MEPP434

MEPP416

Elective Course

Automobile Engineering

Renewable Energy

Engineering Entrepreneurship Development

Industrial Training  

Engineering Project

3

3

3

3

 

2

2

 

Total

19

 

Total

16

   2. COURSE SCHEDULE for Post-Graduate Program

Full time 4-semester plan of study  

 

M. E. Mechanical Engineering Course Structure with specialization in Engineering Design/Energy/Industrial Engineering

Semester

Core

Elective

Credit

I

Core 1

Core 2

Elec.1

Elec. 2

Elec. 3

15

II

Core 3

Core 4

Elec. 4

Elec. 5

Elec. 6

15

III

Core 5

Core 6

Elec.7

Elec. 8

     -

  12  

IV

MEPG 610 Dissertation

15

 

Core Courses

MAPG 501     Advanced probability and statistics         (3)

MEPG 501     Renewable Energy                                       (3)

MEPG 502     Engineering Design                                      (3)

MEPG 503     Hydropower Engineering                            (3)

RSPG 601      Seminars and Communication Skill          (2)

RSPG 602      Research Design                                          (4)                               

 

Common Elective courses (Four Courses to be selected)

MAPG 502    Numerical Methods

COPG 511    Analyses and Design of Software Systems

COPG 512    Computer Graphics

MEPG 510    Economics for Engineers

MEPG 511    System Safety and Reliability

MEPG 512    Environmental and Social Impacts of Engineering Systems

MEPG 513    Design for the Development (Energy and Transport)

MEPG 514    Project Management

MEPG 515    Automation and Maintenance

MEPG 516    Design of Pumps and Turbines

MEPG 517    Automatic Control of Hydro turbo Machines

MEPG 518    Environment Pollution and control

MEPG 519    Finite element Analysis

MEPG 520    Power Generations and Utilization

MEPG 521    Fluid Power Systems

MEPG 522    Seminar/Project I

MEPG 523    Practical Training/Project II

 

 

Elective subjects from specialized group (4 courses from each specialization)  

 

Specialization Courses- Engineering Design  

 

MEPG 530     Advance Material Science

MEPG 531     Advanced Mechanism Design

MEPG 532     Computer application in Design

MEPG 533     Optimization Techniques

MEPG 534     Designs for Manufacture

MEPG 535     Fracture Mechanics

MEPG 536     Design of Hydraulic and Pneumatic system

MEPG 537     Design of Pressure Vessels and Piping

MEPG 538     Concept of Quality in Design

MEPG 539     Advanced Tool Design

MEPG540      Value Engineering

MEPG541      Concurrent Engineering

 

 

Specialization Course-Energy

 

 

MEPG 550    Thermal Energy Conservation

MEPG551      Numerical Methods in Thermal Engineering

MEPG 552     IC Engine Combustion

MEPG 553     Incompressible and Compressible Flows

MEPG 554     Advanced Heat and Mass Transfer

MEPG 555     Standards in Hydro turbo Machines

MEPG 556     Cavitations

MEPG 557     Heat Exchanger Design

MEPG 558     Experimental Methods in Hydro Turbines

MEPG 559     Design and Optimization of Energy System

MEPG 560     Performance Analysis of Hydro Turbo Machines

MEPG 561     Advanced Refrigeration and Air- Conditioning

 

Specialization Courses-Industrial Engineering

 

 

MEPG 570     Tribology and Lubrication

MEPG 571     CAD and Manufacturing

MEPG 572            Productivity Management and Re- Engineering

MEPG 573     Food Processing Preservation and Transportation

MEPG 574     Maintenance Management

MEPG 575     Computer Aided Maintenance

MEPG 576     Noise Monitoring and Control

MEPG 577     Maintenance Planning

MEPG 578     Computer Aided Process Planning

MEPG 579     Design for Manufacturing

MEPG 580     Operations Research

MEPG 581     Industrial Safety

 

MEPG 610               Dissertation                                             15

 

MATH101                               Calculus and Linear Algebra                                                   4

The objectives of this course is just to provide enough mathematical facts to cope with a wide variety of problems in Engineering, Biology, Environmental, Social Sciences. The course is not overloaded with scrupulous proof, which have little practical application. The course demands explaining the fundamental ideas and showing how they are applied in different other disciplines mentioned above.

I: Calculus

Increments: Average and instantaneous rates of change, The slope of a curve y = f(x) Derivatives as the instantaneous rate of change, Velocity and other rates of change.

Limits and continuity: Properties of limits, One sided limits, existence of limit at a given point, Infinity as a limit, Limits of exponential and logarithmic functions, Types of discontinuity.

Differentiation: Formal definition,   Polynomial functions and their derivatives, Product, Power and quotient rules, Implicit differentiation and fractional power, The chain rule and parametric equations, Angle between two curves, Derivatives of trigonometric functions

Differentials

Applications of derivatives: Curve sketching, The sign of first derivatives, Concavity and points of inflection, Asymptotes and symmetry, Maxima and minima; Theory and problems

Related rates, Rolle’s Theorem and Mean value theorem, Indeterminate forms L’ hospital’s rule, Extending the Mean value theorem to Taylor’s formula

Integration: Introduction, Indefinite integration, Applications of determining constants of integration, Integrals of trigonometric functions, Definite integrals; The area under a curve

Calculating areas as limits, The fundamental theorem of integral calculus, Integration by substitution, Differentials.

Transcendental and Hyperbolic functions: Introduction, The inverse trigonometric functions and related integrals, The natural logarithms, the graph of y = log(x) and its derivatives, The exponential function, The functions ax , The function y = loga(x), related growth rates of functions, Applications of exponential and logarithmic functions, Definition and identities of hyperbolic functions, Derivatives and integrals of hyperbolic functions

Integration methods: Basic integration formulas, Integration by parts, Product and powers of trigonometric functions, Even powers of sines and cosines,  Trigonometric substitutions in integrals involving a2+u2, , , ,Integrals involving ax2+bx+c Partial fractions ,The 

substitution; z = tan(x/2), Improper integrals.

Application of Definite integrals: Area between two curves, Distance Calculating volumes by slicing, Length of a plain curve, Area of a surface of revolution, Average value of a function

II: Linear Algebra:

Sequence and infinite Series: Sequence of numbers ,   Limits that arise frequently, Infinite series,Test for convergence of series with non-negative terms,   Absolute convergence ,Alternating series, Conditional convergence.

Systems of linear equations: Row operation method and Gaussian elimination, Reduced echelon form,          Consistency and row rank, Matrix representation of linear system, Solutions of linear systems

Matrix and Determinants: Matrix operations, Special types of matrices, The inverse of a matrix, Properties of determinants, Rank of a matrix, Applications of matrices and determinants

Vector spaces: Introduction to vectors, Linear combinations, Spans of vectors, Linear dependence and independence, Bases and basis selection, Dimension and rank Scalar product and orthogonality, Orthonormal vectors and projections.

Eigen values and Eigenvectors: Characteristic equations, Eigenvalue, Eigenvectors

Linear mapping: Introduction, Linear transformation, Matrix representation of a linear ,mapping ,Transpose of a linear mapping.

References:

1.  Thomas & Finney,Calculus and Analytical Geometry, Sixth edition  Narosa Publishing House New Delhi

2.    J.W.Brown & D.R. Sherbert, Introductory Linear Algebra 

3. D.T.Finkbeiner,Introduction to Matrices and Linear Transformations 3rd edition CBS publisher and

   distributors, Delhi.

 

PHYS 101                               Mechanics And Optics                                                              3

I: Mechanics

Dynamics of a System of particles: Idea of conservation of Momentum, Momentum of variable mass system, motion of rocket, work-energy theorem, conservative and non-conservative forces, Force as a gradient of Potential energy, Particle Collisions

Rotational Dynamics: Angular Momentum of a Particles and System of Particles, Torque, conservation of Angular Momentum, rotation along a fixed axis, moment of Inertia and its calculations for rectangular, spherical and cylindrical bodies, kinetic energy rotation, motion involving both translation and rotating.

Oscillatory motion: Motion of simple and compound pendulum, loaded springs and L-C circuits as its electric analog, time average of energy, Damped harmonic oscillator, resonance in a light damped system.

Gravitational and gravitational potential: Gravitational and inertial mass, Potential energy and field due to spherical shell and solid sphere, motion of particle under central force field, angular momentum conservation, one body problem, two body problem, and its reduction to one body problem and its solutions.

Elasticity: Types of elasticity, work per unit volume, stress, strain, elastic limits, Poisson’s Ratio.

Viscosity: Coefficient of Viscosity, Poiseuille’s equations for flow of liquids through a tube.

II: Optics

Interference: Constructive and destructive conditions of interference, Fresnel’s bi-prism, determination of thickness of transparent plate, colour of thin films, interference in transmitted light, Newton’s ring.

Diffraction: Rectilinear propagation of light, distinction between Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction, diffraction at single, double and n slits.

Polarization: Polarization by reflection and refraction, Brewester’s Law, rotation by polarization, Specific Rotation.

References:  

  1. R. Resnik & D. Halliday, Physics Part 1 & 2

  2. J.K. Ghosh, Mechanics

  3. J. Bhal, O. P. Verma, R. D. Sharma and S K. Gupta, Mechanics Statistical Physics and thermodynamics,R. Chand and Co.,

  4. RC Sabharwal, H R Gulati, OP Verma, A text book of mechanics and thermal Physics, Chand and Co.

  5. D.S. Mathur, Elements of Properties of Matter

 

 

Chem101                                         General Chemistry                                               3

Mole Concept, Properties of solutions

Chemical Equilibrium: Introduction. Equilibrium constant. Factors affecting equilibrium. Le ’ Chateliers principle. Effect pf change in temperature, pressure, concentration of the reactants and products, inter gas on some simple chemical reaction at equilibrium. Solubility product of sparingly soluble salts. Acids and bases, pH: Chemical equilibrium in acids and bases. Buffer solution. Acid-base titration and choice of suitable indicator.

Redox Reaction: Oxidation state, Half reaction, Balancing the redox reaction. Redox titration.

Electrochemistry: Electromechanical equivalence – Faraday’s law. Conductivity of electrolytes – Arrhenius ionization theory; Dependence of cooductivity upon the concentration and temperature. Activity and activity coefficient, Debye Hukel theory of ionic attraction, Application of conductivity measurements, Electrochemical cells. Reversible and irreversible cells, e.m.f. and its measurement, cell reaction and e.m.f. single electrode potentoial. Thermodynamics of electrode potential. Types of electrode and electrochemical cells (chemical cells and concentration cells)

Chemical Kinetics: Introduction, order and molecularity, rate constant, reactions of different orders, kinetics of parallel opposing and consecutive reactions, Kinetics and mechanicsm of some simple chemical reactions. Effect of temperature on reaction velocity, Qulitative approach to ‘collision’ and ‘activated state’ theory.

Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Mechanism of catalysis, Transition metals as catalysts. Enzymes catalysis, Catalytic poisining.

Nuclear Chemistry: Natural radioactivity, Types of radioactivity, Rate of radioactive decay, Use of radioactive isotopes. Stability of nucleus binding energy.  Nucleur reactions.

References:

 1.       H. Mahan; University Chemistry by Narosa Publishing house           

 

 

EEEG 101                               Basic Electrical Engineering                                         3

Objective:  To provide a foundation in electrical engineering applicable to mechanical, electrical, electronics and computer engineering students.

Basic Circuit Theory: Ideal, Non-ideal, Dependent and Independent sources

Resistors: characteristics (Value, power rating codes, tolerances), current, voltage, power relationship, equivalent resistance in parallel and series connection, temperature coefficient, delta-star connection, Kirchhoff’s current and voltage laws, voltage divider and current divider formula, Node and Mesh analysis, solution by determinant and substitution, Superposition theorem.  Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorem and network solution using these theorems, Maximum power transfer to the load in a 2 -port resistive network.

AC Circuit Fundamentals: Generation of AC voltage (brief theoretical introduction of ac machine), Definition of time period, frequency, waveform, phase, phase difference Peak, peak-to-peak, average, RMS or effective value of any type of ac voltage or current waveform

Phasors: phasor algebra, steady state analysis of RLC circuits, Impedance, Admittance, Reactance, Real, reactive and apparent power, power factor. Significance of p. factor, Resonance in series and parallel RLC circuits, Bandwidth, Effect of Q-factor in resonance.

3-Phase Circuits: Generation of 3-phase, merits of 3-phase over 1-phase generation, Phase sequence (ABC or CBA), Voltage and current phasor in different sequence (i.e. ABC or CBA)   Line and phase quantities in Y-connected or Delta connected balanced load, Y-delta equivalence, Power in 3-phase circuits

Magnetic Circuits And Transformers: Revision of electromagnetism.  Magnetic field and flux, Magnetic field strength, MMF, permeability of free space.  Relative permeability, Introduction to a simple magnetic circuit with air gap, reluctance, permeance, and comparison of magnetic circuit with electric circuit.  Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, self inductance and mutual inductance, coupling coefficient, dot convention in electric circuit. 

Single Phase Transformers: Construction, principle of operation, ideal transformers, and voltage and current relationship, turn ratio. Operation of relay and solenoid.

Dc-Machines: construction, operation, EMF and torque relations, Series and shunt motor characteristics and performance starting and speed control

Synchronous Machines: construction, operation, rotating field and characteristics of synchronous machines, mains synchronisation

Induction Motor: construction and operating principles, basic relations, performance, single phase induction motor

Principle Of The Dc Voltmeter, Ammeter, And Ohmmeter: Voltmeter sensitivity and error correction.

References:

  1. R J Smith Circuits Devices and Systems, Wiley Int. Edition, 5th Ed., 1991

  2. E Hughes Electrical Technology ELBS, 6th ED., 1987

  3. R Del Toro Principles of Electrical Engineering PHI, New Delhi, 1987

  4. 4. I J Nagrath Basic Electrical Engineering   Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi

  5. A D Helfrick et al Modern Electric Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques, PH I

 

 

COMP101                                      Computer Foundation                                 2

This course will deal with a practical introduction to the computer architecture, hardware peripherals, operating systems, application systems and computer network concepts. This will also focus on Basic keyboard skills, an introduction to office automation and personal productivity applications, which will be useful for assignment works.

Detailed Outlines

History of computer, Computer Architecture, Von Neumann architecture, Hardware principles

Input devices, CPU, Storage Devices, Output Devices, Operating System, Network concepts

Use of office automation software, Word Processors, Spreadsheets, Databases

Practical Emphasis

Keyboard practice, Disk operating system, Office automation software

References:

  1. C.S. French :     Computer studies

  2. R.Rajaraman :    Computer primer

 

 

EDRG 101                         Engineering Drawing                                          2

Introduction Of Engineering Drawing And Instruments Used In Engineering Drawing: Eg- Drafter, types of Pencil, set squares and etc.

Layout of Drawing Sheets, Types of Lines, Lettering and its types.

Layout and lettering Practice.

Dimensioning: Unit of Dimensions, System of Dimensioning, Shape identification Dimensioning

Engineering Scale: Representative Factor, Construction and Types of Scales, Plain Scales, Diagonal Scales, Vernier Scales, Comparative Scales, Scale of Chords

Geometrical Constructions:

To divide the lines into any number of equal parts.

To divide a given angle into even number of divisions.

To draw an arc tangential to a line and passing through a point.

Construction of regular polygons.

Introduction Of Engineering Curves: Terminology used in Engineering Curves and brief discussion about types and applications of Engineering Curves.

Definition and Terminology of Conic Section, Applications, Construction of Conic Sections,

Ellipse: Definition and Terminology, Applications, Finding out foci when Major and Minor axis are given, Drawing Tangents to Ellipse at a point on the ellipse or from a point outside the ellipse.

Different Methods of Construction of Ellipse:

1. Pin and Thread Method                  5. Trammel Method

2. Intersecting Method                      6. Concentric circle Method

3. Rectangle Method                         7. Parallelogram Method

4. Circle Method                               8. Four centers approximate Method

Parabola: Definition, Terminology and Applications, To find the axis, focus and directrix of a Parabola. Drawing Tangents to the Parabola either at a point on the Parabola or from a point outside the Parabola

Different methods of construction of Parabola

Hyperbola: Definition, Terminology and Applications, Drawing Tangents to the Hyperbola either at a point on the Hyperbola or from the point outside the Hyperbola

Different Methods of construction of Hyperbola

Definition and construction of Rectangular Hyperbola

Involutes: Definition and Terminology, Applications, Drawing Tangent and Normal at a point on Involutes

Definition and Construction of Involutes by

1.      Involute of a line          

2.      Involute of a Triangle

3.      Involute of a Polygon

Spirals: Definition and Terminology, Applications, Definition and Construction of Archemedian and Logarithmic Spirals, Drawing Tangent and Normal at a point on Spirals

Cycloidal Curves:

Definition and Terminology, Applications

Definition and Construction of Epicycloid and Hypocycloid

Drawing Tangent and Normal at a point on Cycloidal Curves

Definition, Terminology and Applications of Trochoid, Epitroichoid and Helix

Orthographic Projections: Projection of an Object, Principal Views and Principal Planes of Projection, Four Quadrants and System of Projection, First angle and Third angle Projection, Difference between them and their advantages, Symbols of Projection, Projection of Points, Projection of Lines, Definition, True length and True Inclination of a Line

Line Parallel to both the Planes, Line Parallel to one Plane and Perpendicular to Other plane, Line Parallel to one Plane and Inclined to Other, Line Inclined to both Horizontal and Vertical plane, Convention for Line Thickness

Projection of Plane Surfaces: Definition, True shape of a plane surface, Plane surface parallel to one of the Principal Planes and Perpendicular the other two, Plane Surfaces Perpendicular to one of the three Principle Planes and Inclined to other two, Plane Surfaces Inclined to all the three Principal Planes of Projection

Projection of Solids: Definition of Solids, Classification of Solids e.g. Polyhedrons, Prisms, Pyramids), Projection of Solids Placed in different positions, Axis of the Solid Perpendicular to HP

Axis of the Solid Perpendicular to VP

Axis of the Solid Perpendicular to HP and Parallel to VP

Axis of the Solid Inclined to VP and Parallel to HP

Axis of the Solid Inclined to both HP and VP

Methods of Solving the Problems of Cubes, Cones, Prisms, Cylinders, Pyramids

Surface Development: Methods of Development, Parallel Line Development, Radial Line Development, Triangulation Development, Approximate Development

 

 

 

ENGT 101                             Communication Skills                                           2                                   

1. Study Skills in English: (prescribed units)

Unit 2 : Reading Efficiency

Unit 3 : Note-taking Practice from Authentic Textual Materials

           Including the use of Audio-Visuals

2. Adventures in English : (prescribed units)

Appendix I : Sounds of English; An Introduction

Reading at four levels:

i.   Yudhisthira’s Wisdom                   ii.  The Library Card

iii. Why Go to University                    iv. A Fight between a Lion & a Crocodile

v.  Teaching in the T.V. Culture        vi. The Cabuliwallah

vii. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

viii. The Savage Male  

 Professional Writing:

                a. Essay & Article                   b. Memorandum        c. Minutes     d. Proposal

References:

1. Nissani, Moti & Lohani, Shreedhar.  Adventures in English Nepal: Ekta Books, 1996.

2. Wallace, Michael . J. Study Skills in English (Complete set). CUP, 1980.

 

 

Math102                                      Statistics and Probability                                                3

Objective: The objective of course is to provide students with a clear understanding of the basic statistical concepts and tools and to enable them to use these tools as Necessary Avenue for engineering professions and scientific knowledge.

The Organization of Data: Raw data set, Frequency distribution, Stem-and -leaf display, Grouped frequency distribution (GDF), Guidelines for forming a GDF, Representations of data: Pareto diagram and Dot diagram, Box-plots, Histogram, Frequency curve and Ogives.

Describing Central Tendency, Variability and Skew: Mean, Median, Mode, Mean of combined groups, Comparison of mean median and mode. Range, Mean deviation about mean, Standard deviation & Variance, CV. Skewness, and Kurtosis.

Probability: Random experiment, Sample space and Events (simple and composites), Mutually exclusive and Collectively exhaustive events, Independent events. Probabilities definitions. The axioms of probability. Conditional probability. Addition and Multiplication theorems of probability, Bayes' theorem. Mathematical expectation, and Decision making

Probability Distributions: Random variables. The Binomial distribution. The Poisson Distribution. The Hyper-geometric distribution. Chebyshev's theorem. The mean and variance of a probability distribution

Probability Densities: Continuous random variables, the normal distribution, the normal approximation to the binomial distribution. Joint distribution: Discrete and continuous, Marginal density, Independent random variables, Conditional density, Properties of expectation

Sampling Distribution: Population and sample, census and sampling, Estimate and estimator, Parameter and statistic. The sampling distribution of the mean (σ known, σ unknown). The sampling distribution of the variance. The sample size

Inference Concerning Means: Point estimation, Interval estimation, Tests of hypothesis. Null hypothesis and Significance tests. Hypothesis concerning one mean and two means.     Inference concerning two means. Randomization and pairing

Curve Fitting: Simple correlation and regressions. The method of least squares and Inferences based on the least-square estimations.

Textbook:

1.Miller & Fruend’s Probability and Statistics for Engineers 5th edition –by Richard A.           Johnson, Prentice Hall of India, Pvt. Ltd.

References:

1.      Statistics for Management- by R.I Levin and D. S. Rubin, 6th ed.

2.      Statistics:  by Murray R. Spiegel, Schaum’s Outline Series, 2nd Ed

3.  Modern Elementary Statistics- by John E. Freund, 6th edition, Prentice Hall Int.

 

 

PHYS102                                       Electricity and Magnetism                                            3

The electric field: - The electric field, Lines of force in electric field, Calculation of electric field using Coulombs law, electric field of a system of point charges. Electric field of linear charge distribution (ring of charge, line of charge). Electric field of plane charge distribution (charge on a circular disc). Gauss’ law. Application of Gauss’s law. Electric field due to spherical charge distribution, electric field of a large Electric field of a charged conductor.

Electric potential: - Electric potential. Potential due to a point charge. Potential due to a system of point charges. Potential at a point due to charges on a spherical conductor (inside and outside he conductor). Potential energy of a charged object in electric field. Equipotential surface. Potential gradient. Electric dipole. Potential and electric field due to a short dipole. Force and torque on a dipole. Energy of a dipole in electric field.

Electric field in material medium: Parallel plate capacitor with dielectrics. Atomic description of dielectrics. Dielectrics and Gauss’ law. Three electric vectors :- electric field E, electric displacement D and Energy stored in an electric field.

The magnetic field: - the definition of magnetic field B. Magnetic force of a current   Torque of a current loop. The Hall effect, Blot-Savart law, magnetic field due to current in  long straight conductor, Magnetic field at a point on the axis of circular current loop. Applications of Ampere’s law. magnetic field due to current in long straight conductor; magnetic field for a solenoid. Force between two parallel conductors.

Electromagnetic induction: - Faraday’s law of induction. Lenz’s law. Motional EMF. Time-varying magnetic fields. Induction and Relative motion. Induction, LR circuit. Energy  in magnetic field. Mutual induction.

Magnetic properties of matter: - Para magnetism, Diamagnetism and Ferromagnetism. Three magnetic vectors: - the magnetic field B, the magnetic field strength H and the magnetization M.

Alternating currents and electromagnetic oscillations: - Alternating current/voltage. Average and root mean square values of alternating current/voltage A.C. Circuit containing (i) resistance (ii) inductance (iii) capacitor. Complex representation of A.C. Complex admittance and impedance. LCR series circuit. Electromagnetic oscillation in  (i) LC circuit (ii) LCR circuit, Forced oscillation and resonance. Induced magnetic fields. Displacement current.

Text Book:

R. Resnick, D.Halleday       Physics

References:

1.      Edwrd M.Purcell, Berkeley Physics Course: Vol. 2, Electricity and Magnetism, Mc. Graw-Hill Int. Edetion

2.      J.R.Reitz,F.J.Milford, Foundations of Electromagnetic, and R.W.Christy,Norosa Pub. House

 

 

 

PHYS103                                Physics Laboratory work                                                        1

1.      Determination of the acceleration due to gravity using compound pendulum.

2.      Determination of surface tension of water by capillary rise method.

3.      Determination of viscosity of water by capillary rise method.

4.      Measurement of the young's modulus of elasticity of a given rectangular bar by bending of bar method.

5.      Measurement of low resistance by using Carrey foster bridge.

6.      Study of the phenomena of resonance in parallel L-C-R circuit.

7.      Determination of power factor of a given ac circuit.

8.      Determination of wavelength of sodium light by using Newton’s ring apparatus.

9.      Measurement of the refractive index of the material of given prism using a spectrometer.

10.  Measurement of wavelength of sodium light by using plain diffraction grating.

11.  Determination of specific rotation of a given sample using a Laurent’s half shade Polariometer.

 

 

 

COMP 112                                    Computer Programming I                                              3

Introductory concepts: Introduction to computers, Computer Characteristics, Modes of operation, introduction to C Fundamentals: The C character Set, identifiers and keywords, data types, constants, variable and arrays, declarations, expressions, statements, symbolic constants    

Flow Charts: Purpose of different box in flow charts, Operators and Expressions: Arithmetic Operators, Unary Operators, Relational and logical Operators, Assignment Operators, The conditional Operators, Library function.

Data Input and outputs: Single Character I/O, Entering Input data, Writing Output data, some built-in functions, Interactive Programming.

Preparing and running a complete C Program: Desirable program characteristics, Planning a C program, Writing and entering a C program into the computer, Compiling and Executing the program, Error diagnosis, Logical debugging.

Control Statements: While, Do-While, For, If-else, Switch, Break Continue, Goto                                 statements,  Nested Do loops.

Functions: Overview, Defining a Function, Accessing a Function, Passing Arguments to a Function, Specifying Argument data type, Function Prototype, Recursion.

Program Structure: Storage Classes, Automatic variables, external Variables, Static Variables.

Arrays: Defining an Array, Processing an Array, passing Arrays to a Function, Multidimensional Arrays, Arrays and Strings.

Pointers: Fundamental pointer declarations, Passing Pointers to a Function, Pointers and one-dimensional Arrays, Arrays of pointers.

Structures and Unions : Defining a Structure, Processing a Structure, User-defined data  types, Structures and Pointers.

Data Files: Opening and Closing a Data File, Creating a Data File, Processing a Data

File, Unformatted Data Files.

Text Book: 

1.      Schaum’s Outline Series, Programming With C By Byrons &  Gottfried

References:

1.      Computer Programming In C By V. Rajaraman

2.      The C Programming Language By Brian W. Kernighan and Dennis M. Ritchie 

3.      Exploring C By Yashwant Kanetkar

 

 

 

BIOL 102                                                     Ecology                                                             3

Organization, functioning and development of ecological system: Concept of ecosystem. Organization of ecosystem: Abiotic and Biotic components. Functioning of ecosystem: Ecological energetics; Biogeochemical cycles – N2, H20, SO2; Homeostasis (regarding ecosystem).  Concepts of limiting factors.  Development and evolution of ecological systems. Habit and Niche; Ecological equivalents; Sympatry and Allopatry.

Population: Population group properties; Population density and indices of relative abundance; Natality; Mortality; Population age distribution; the intrinsic rate of natural increase; Population growth forms and concepts of carrying capacity; Concept of density dependent and density independent actions; population dispersal; Population structure – Internal distribution pattern.

Community: Community concept; Intracommunity classification and ecological dominance; community analysis; Species diversity in community.

Human Population: Introduction; Human demography; Population growth and The future of Human population.

References:

1.   Fundamental of Ecology by W.B. Sander Co. Ltd. Tokyo E.P. Odum.

2. Ecology and Environment by Rastogi Publication P.D. Sharma. 

 

 

 

ENGG102                                          Engineering Project                                                      2

Guidelines

 

 
EDRG 102                                          Engineering Drawing                                                    2

Isometric Projection:  Introduction, Isometric projection of different objects, orthographic projection.

Production drawing: Nominal and basic size, allowance, tolerance, limits of size, clearance fit, interference fit, basic hole system and shaft system.

Screw threads: Representation and dimensions

Fasteners: Types and drawing representation of keys, cutter, joints, springs, bearings, bolt and nut. Rivet and riveted joints- Types and representation. Section of solids. Intersection of solids. Development of surfaces.

References:

1.      Fundamental of Engineering Drawing by W.J LUZADDER

2.      Engg. Drawing and Graphic Technology by T.L. FRENCH

3.      Engineering drawing volume 1&2 by K.R. GOPAL KRISHNA

4.      Engineering drawing by M.D. BHAT

 

 

ENGT 102                                          Communication Skills II                                                     2

1.Study Skills in English: ( following selections from the textbook)

Units 4, 5, 6, and 7

      - Seminar Skills

      - English Composition : Theory and  Practice

2. Adventures in English: (prescribed units)

a.      Reading at four levels:

         i.  How sane are we?                                         ii.  Mr. Know- all

         iii. Keeping errors at Bay                           iv. The Telegram on the table

         v.  We are breaking the silence about death vi.  Where the mind is without fear

         vii. A Tale        viii. Who Was to Blame?     

3. Professional Writing:

a. Research Essay            b. Seminar          c. Business Letters          d. Report  

Other language activities and games.

References:

1.      Nissani, Moti & Lohani, Shreedhar. Adventures in English. Nepal: Ekta Books, 1996 .

2.      Michael . J. Study Skills in English (Complete set). CUP. 1980.

 

 

MEEG101                               Basic Mechanical Engineering                                              2

Objective: To introduce all Engineering students to basic mechanical engineering with regard to Statics, dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer.

Engineering Statics: equivalent force systems: equilibrium, friction, cables, centre of gravity

Engineering Dynamics: velocity, acceleration, momentum , Newton's second law of motion, the moment law, work and energy, rotation about a fixed axis

Strength of Materials: concepts of stress, strain, stress-strain diagram, Hook's law

Thermodynamics: properties of substances, first law of thermodynamics, entropy and second law of thermodynamics, thermodynamic cycles, gas compression, ,refrigeration, gas and steam turbines

Fluid Mechanics: introductory concepts, fluid in motion, continuity equation, mass conservation, viscosity, Bernoulli's equation, boundary layer, laminar and turbulent flow, turbo machines, momentum, impulse turbine, axial flow and centrifugal ,machines, hydraulic turbines.

Heat Transfer: steady state and transition heat conduction, one dimensional and two dimensional heat flow, heat transfer by radiation, convective heat transfer, free and forced convection.

References:

1.      F Krieth: Principles of Heat Transfer Harper & Row

2.      I H Shames: Engineering Mechanics Statics and Dynamics ( SI Version ),PHI

3.      J R Howell & R U Buckins: Fundamental of Engineering Thermodynamics, McGH.

4.      E P Popov : Mechanics of Materials ( SI Version ) PHI

5.      D S Kumar: Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering, Katsen Publishing House

 

 

 

MATH 201                                        Advanced Calculus                                                    3

Objective: To extend the first year calculus course and to equip students for the rigorous analysis required for engineering studies.

Space Coordinates: cylindrical coordinates, equations relating Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates, spherical coordinates, equations relating Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates to spherical, polar coordinates graphs of polar equations, polar equations of conics and other curves, polar integrals.

Limits and Indeterminate Forms: the form 0.a, the form a.a, the forms 00, 0a, a0, aa, 1a, orders of infinity.

Functions of Several Variables and Their Derivatives:

          - functions of two or more variables, limits and continuity

          - partial derivatives,  chain rules, dependent variables

          - gradients, directional derivative and tangent planes, higher order derivatives

          - maxima, minima and saddle points, Lagrange multipliers, exact differentials.

Multiple Integrals:

          - introduction, double integrals, area, changing to polar coordinates

          - triple integrals in rectangular coordinates

          - integrals in cylindrical and spherical coordinates

          - surface area, change of order of integration.

Beta and Gamma Functions:

          - Beta and Gamma functions, properties of the functions

          - transformations of Gamma functions, relation between the functions.

Applications of the Theory of Integration:

          - area of curves in Cartesian coordinates, area between two Cartesian curves

          - area of the curves in polar coordinates, volume of solid of revolutions

          - surface of solids of revolutions, Dirichlet's integrals.

Vector Functions and Their Derivatives:

          - derivatives of vector functions, tangent vectors, velocity and acceleration

          - arc length for space curves, the unit tangent vector

          - curvature and normal vectors and components, derivatives of vector products,

Vector Integral Calculus:

          - vector fields, surface integrals, line integrals and work, two dimensional fields

          - flux across a plane curve, Green's theorem, Gauss's theorem, Stoke's theorem.

Fourier Series and Integrals:

          - periodic functions, trigonometric series, Fourier series, Euler's formulae,

          - convergence theorem ( proof not required ), functions having arbitrary period,- even and odd

            functions, half-range expansions, Fourier integral.

References:

  1. G B Thomas and R L Finney,Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Narosa Publishing House

  2. E Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Wiley Eastern Ltd.

 

MATH 207                       Differential Equations And Complex Variables                        4

 

Objective: To impart an increased understanding of differential equations as well as foundation knowledge of complex variables.

First Order Differential Equations:

          -  introduction, separable equations, exact differential equations

          - integrating factors and Bernoulli's equations

          - linear first order differential equations with some physical applications.

Linear Second Order Differential Equations:

          - Introduction, the fundamental theorem, Wronskians and general solution

          - homogeneous second order linear equations with constant coefficients

          - damped and undamped motions, non-homogeneous second order equations

Series Solutions of Differential Equations:

          - introduction, power series solution of differential equations, Legendre's equation

            Legendre's  polynomials and functions, Bessel's equations and functions.

Complex Variables:

          - complex Numbers, complex functions, polar forms, analytic functions

          - complex integration, Green's theorem, Cauchy's integral formulae

          - Taylor series, Laurent series, singularities, residues, conformal mapping 

Laplace Transforms:

          - introduction, definitions of the Laplace transform,

          - Laplace transform of derivatives and integrals

          - derivatives and integral of Laplace transforms, inverse Laplace transforms              

          - Laplace transform of periodic functions, partials fractions, convolutions

          - Laplace transform solutions of differential equations with polynomial coefficients.

Partial Differential Equations:

          - introduction, derivation of the wave and heat equations, Fourier Series solutions           

          - Laplace's equation, gravitational potential, the D'Alembert solutions

          - separation of variables, Fourier series solution of boundary value problems

          - Fourier-Bessel and Fourier-Legendre solution of boundary value problems

          - Laplace transform and Fourier transform solution of boundary value problems.

References:

     1. D. Kreyszig:  Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Wiley Eastern Ltd.

     2. M C Potter and J Gold berg: Mathematical Methods, 2nd Edition, TMH

 

 

MEEG204                                                    Statics                                                                2

Concept Of Force: Transmissibility of a force. Law of action and reaction.  Free-body diagrams.  The parallelogram law.  Couple of forces. The resultant of a force system.  

Statics Of Plane: concurrent force systems.  Resultant of plane, concurrent force systems.  Equilibrium of plane, concurrent force systems (graphical and mathematical method). 

Statics Of Plane Force Systems: Addition of couples.  The moment of a force.  The resultant of force systems.  Algebraic method for determining the resultant.  Equilibrium of plane force systems.  Reactions at supports.  Statically determinate systems.  Superposition.  Distributed loads. 

Statics Of Structures:  Equilibrium of elements in a structure.  Equilibrium of trusses.  Method of joint.  Method of sections.  Equilibrium of frames.  Symmetry.

Friction:  Friction forces.  Law of dry friction.  Equilibrium of coplanar force system involving friction.  Belt and rope friction. 

Properties Of Areas.  Center of area (centroid).  First moment of area.

Axial Forces: shear forces and bending moment in beams.

Relation Between Load, Shear Force And Bending Moment.

References:

  1. I.H. Shames:  "Engineering Mechanics:  Statics & Dynamics", PHI. 

  2. F.P. Beer and E.R. Johnston, Jr.:  "Mechanics for Engineers, Statics", McGraw-Hill, Singapore.

  3. K.L. Kumar:  "Engineering Mechanics", TMH.

 

MEEG 205                                   Manufacturing Processes I                                          3

Wood-working machines:  Sawing machines. Sanders, routers. Joilters moulders. Universal machines, wood-working lathe.

Forging:  Forgability of metals and alloys. Hand forging-tools and practice. Forges and heating furnaces.  Classification of forging processes. Drop forging.  Press forging. Merits of forging compared to machining and casting. Power hammers: spring,- pneumatic,- and steam-power type.

Foundry: Foundry hand tools.  Foundry sand and their control additives.  Core and types of core. Pattern materials and types of patterns. Shrinkage allowances.  Molding process pouring.  Knockout and cleaning of casting. Brief description of special casting methods as shell molding, CO2 molding and centrifugal molding.

Sand tests:  Permeability, hardness, flowability.  Tensile compression, shear strength and moisture content. Defects in sand casting. Cupola.

Welding:  Soldering, brazing and braze welding advantages and limitations. Welding processes and applications.  Pressure welding, resistance welding, arc and gas-welding equipment. Arc welding. Shielded submerged and carbon arc welding. Thermit welding, plasma welding. Defects in welding.

Rolling: Hot and cold rolling processes.  Types of rolling mills: two high, three high and cluster mill. Principle of rolling, rolling of bars and other shapes. Defects and residual stresses in rolled products. Hot extrusion of bars and tubes.  Production of continuous butt welded pipes.  Cold and hot spinning. Defects in rod and wine drawn.

References:

  1. J.S. Campbell:  “Principle of manufacturing, TMH Publications & Co.

  2. Raghavan:  “Workshop technology I”

  3. Raghuwanshi:        “Workshop technology I”, Dhanpatrai & Sons

  4. Begman & Amsteed:  “Manufacturing processes”

  5. SK Hajra Choudary & SK Bose: "Elements of Workshop Technology, Vol.I", Media Publishers.

 

MEEG 213                                           Material Science & Metallurgy                        3

Crystal Structures: Crystals and solid state, crystallographic directions and planes-unit cell, computation of atoms in the pattern, imperfections in crystal structure.

Determination Of Structures Of Solids: Determination of grain structure by light microscope, electron micros-cope and X-ray diffraction-identification of planes and Miller indices-Computation of the unit cell-indices of simple FCC Q BCC lattices.

Solidification: Nucleation, crystal growth from liquid phase, dendritic growth.

Phases in solids : Single crystals, multiphase solids, equilibrium diagram: Revision of phase rule an binary diagrams solid solubility, binary diagram-their development for components with complete solubility and partial solubility invariant reactions, Inter metallic compounds.

Iron-carbon systems: Study of iron carbon system in detail with emphasis on the eutectic reaction, isothermal and continuous cooling diagram.

Heat treatment of steel: Normalizing, annealing, hardening and tempering, spheroidizing. Surface and case hardening methods-hardenability and Jominy hardness test. Steel and cast-iron classification, effect of alloying element on them.

Non-ferrous alloys: Properties and uses of brass, bronze, Al-Cu- alloys.

Failure of Materials: Types of failure.  Mechanism of brittle failure.   Suppression of brittle fracture, linear elastic fracture mechanism, mechanism of ductile failure through creep, fatigue failure.

Ceramic phases and their properties:  Comparison of ceramic and non ceramic phases, crystal structure of ceramic phase, close packed compounds effect of structure on the behavior of ceramic phase: Dielectric ceramics, ceramic semiconductors, mechanical behavior of ceramic materials.

References:

1.      Van Vlak,  Elements of Material Science

2.      Diater,  Mechanical Metallurgy

3.      V.Raghavan,  Material science & engg.

4.     R.M. Brick, R.B. Gordon, A.W. Pense - Structure & Properties of engg. Materials.  

 

 

EEEG 204                                             Basic Electronics                                                         2

Semiconductors: PN junction behaviour, PN junction diode, diode model, rectifiers and filters, Zener and LED characteristics and application

Bipolar Junction Transistor: FET construction, FET amplification principal, equivalent circuit, gain and transfer characteristics

Thyristors: Characteristics, Simple phase controlled rectifier using SCRs

Operational amplifiers: Ideal OP-amp, inverting and non-inverting amps, adder, subtractor.

Comparator: D/A and A/D conversion and application to DVM, square wave generation, analog computation example

Measurement and Transducers: measuring instruments – principle of moving coil and moving iron instruments, ammeters, voltmeters, range extension, ohmmeter, wattmeter and energy meter.

Transducers: definitions, classification, strain gage, displacement transducers, LVDT, resistance thermometer, thermocouple, thermistor, spatial encoder, optical and other transducers.

References:

1.      R J Smith Circuits Devices and Systems, Wiley Int. Edition, 5th Ed., 1991

2.      E Hughes Electrical Technology, ELBS, 6th ED., 1987

3.      R Del Toro Principles of Electrical Engineering PHI, New Delhi, 1987

4.      I J Nagrath, Basic Electrical Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi

5.      A D Helfrick et al Modern Electric Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques, PHI

 

 

MCSC 202                                     Numerical Methods                                                                3

Errors: - Sources of error.  Approximation to numbers.  Error propagation and generation.  Floating-point arithmetic.  Approximation to functions.

Non-linear Equations: - Solving non-linear algebraic and transcendental equations.  The bisection method.  Method of false position.  The method of simple iteration.  The Newton-Raphson method.

Systems of Linear Equations:- Solution by elimination.  Errors and ill-conditioning.  The Gauss-Seidel iteration method.  Matrix inversion.

Finite Differences:- Tables; Forward, backward and centered difference notations.  Polynomials.  Detection and correction of mistakes.

Interpolation:-       Linear and quadratic interpolation.  Newton interpolation formulae.  Other formulae involving finite differences.  Lagrange interpolation formula.  Divided differences and Aitken’s method. Inverse interpolation.

Curve Fitting: -Curve fitting.

Numerical Differentiation:-Introduction.  Methods based on interpolation.  Methods based on finite differences.  Methods based on undetermined coefficients.  Extrapolation methods.  Partial differentiation.

Numerical Integration: -The trapezoidal rule.  Simpson’s rule, Quadrature from a table of values.  Gauss integration formulae.  Differential equations.

References:

1. MK Jain, SRK Iyengar & RK Jain: Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation, Wiley 

    Eastern Ltd.

 

MEEG 202                                      Strength Of Materials                                                  3

Definition of stress and strain: Stress-strain diagrams. Elasticity.  Modulus of elasticity.  Hooke’s law.  Poissons’s ratio.  Pure shear force.  Stresses due to temperature. Strain energy due to normal stresses and shear stress.  Principles of superposition.

Stresses on an inclined plane:  Plane stresses.  Mohr’s circle.  Principal stresses and planes. 

Failure theories: the maximum shear-stress theory, the distortion-energy theory (von Mises-theory). 

Simple bending:  Neutral axis.  Second moment of area.  Normal stresses.  Shear force and shear stress in beams.

Deflection of Beams:  Relationship between deflection and bending moment.  Deflection of statically determinate beams by integration.  Mecaulay’s method.

Torsion of shafts:  Pure torsion.  Relation between torque and angle of twist.  Polar moment of area.  Strain energy in torsion.  Combined bending and torsion.

Buckling:  Euler’s formula.  Effective length of column.  Slenderness ratio.

References:

  1. I.H. Shames:  Introduction to solid mechanics, Prentice Hall

  2. E.P. Popov:  Mechanics of materials (SI version), PHI

  3. Ferdinand L. Singer & Andrew Pytel:  Strength of materials, Harper & Row Pb.

  4. Timoshenko & Young:  Elements of strength of materials, Affiliated East West Press Ltd.

  5. S. H. Crandall  et al:  An introduction to mechanics of solids (SI units), MGHISE

  6. Basavarajaiah, B.S. & P. Mahadevappa:  Strength of materials, 2nd ed., CBS Publ. and Distributors, Delhi, 1986.

 

MEEG 206                                    Theory Of Machines                                                              3

Basic Concepts:  Mechanism and machine pairing elements; link, chain and inversions; constrained and unconstrained motion; four bar mechanism. Single and double side crank with inversion (Specially quick return, toggle and old hams coupling);  Hook coupling.

Cams: Types of cams; types of followers; Cam profiles; graphical methods for SHM and uniform acceleration and retardation coefficient; radial and oscillating followers.

Balancing of revolving masses: Static and dynamic balancing; effect of single mass & several masses in the same plane & several planes (graphical method only).

Gears: Spur, Bevel and helical gears; diametral pitch, module and pressure angles;  characteristics of involute profile gears. Interference and method of avoiding it; path and arc of contact; contact ratio; minimum  number of teeth.

Gear Trains: Simple, compound, reverted, Epicyclic; solution: tabular method only; tooth load, torque.

Belt and rope drives; slip; effect of belt thickness; length of belts; velocity ratio; ratio of tension.

Vibration: Natural and forced vibration; transmissibility; damping and whirling of shafts. Natural frequency and critical speed. Multirotor system. Torsional vibration. Two and three rotor systems; Nodes.

References:  

  1. Bevan Thomas,  "Theory of machine", CBS Publications

  2. Dr. Jagadishlal,   "Theory of machines", Metropolitan Book Co.

  3. Mable & Ocvirk, "Mechanism and Dynamics of Machinery", John Wiley & Sons.

  4. Ballaney P L,       "Theory of Machines".

 

MEEG207                             Engineering Thermodynamics                                       3

Introductory concepts and definitions: Thermodynamic system, Property, state and process and equilibrium.  Specific volume, temperature and pressure.  Cycles.  Units,.

Energy and First law of Thermodynamics: Mechanical Concepts of Energy, Definition of heat and work, Energy Transfer by work and heat, Energy of a system, Energy balance for closed system, Energy analysis of cycles.

Properties of a pure, simple compressible substances: State principle, p-v-T relation, Thermodynamic Property Data, p-v-T relation for gases, The compressibility factor, Generalized compressibility chart Ideal gas model, Enthalpy, internal energy, specific heat Cp and Cv, thermodynamic functions of two independent variable, thermodynamic relations involving entropy, internal energy and enthalpy.

Second law of thermodynamics: Statements of the second law, reversible and irreversible processes. Second law corollaries for thermodynamic cycles, Kelvin temperature scale, Performance measures for power, refrigeration and heat pumps, Carnot cycle.

Entropy: Clausius Inequality, Definition of Entropy change, Entropy of a pure, simple compressible substance, Entropy change in internally reversible processes, Entropy balance for closed systems, Entropy rate balance for control volumes, isentropic processes, heat transfer and work in internally reversible, steady state flow processes, Exergy, exergy balance for closed systems, exergetic efficiency.

Psychrometrics, heating and cooling systems: property relations for ideal gas mixtures, mixture processes, adiabatic saturation and wet bulb temperatures, psychometric principle and psychometric charts, vapor compression refrigeration, refrigerant properties, heat pump systems.

Analysis of thermal systems: Mass- and energy balances.  Heating and cooling curves.  The Pinch-point.

Air-compressors:  Reciprocating compressor, Pressure-Volume diagram.  Volumetric efficiencies.  Multistage compression.  Axial-flow, rotary, centrifugal compressor, Roots blower.

Text Book:

1.      Moran, J. M., Shapiro, H. N., Fundamental of Engineering Thermodynamics, Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons.

References:

1.      Van Wylen G.J. Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons.Hill

2.      Nag P.K. - Thermodynamics, TMH Publications, New-Delhi.

 

 

MEEG208                                               Dynamics                                                             3

Basic dynamics: Kinematics and kinetics. Rectilinear motion of a particle n constant acceleration.  Curvilinear motion.  Projectiles.

Kinetics of particles: Newton's law of motion.  Kinetics of particles moving in a curve.  Banking and super elevation.

Energy and momentum: methods for particles.   Energy method for a particle n rectilinear translation.  Efficiency.  Impulse and momentum.  Direct impact.  Conservation of linear momentum.

Kinematics of rigid bodies:  Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis.  Uniformly accelerated rotation.    Velocity and acceleration of a rigid body in a general plane motion.

Kinetics of rigid bodies:  Rectilinear and curvilinear translation.  Centroidal motion.  General plane motion.  Rolling motion.

Energy and momentum methods for rigid bodies: Energy methods:  Centroidal rotation, rolling motion, general plane motion.  Conservation of angular momentum.  Impact.

References:  

1. I.H. Shames:  "Engineering Mechanics:  Statics & Dynamics", PHI.   

2. F.P. Beer and E.R. Johnston, Jr.:  "Mechanics for Engineers, Dynamics",

3. McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1987.

 

 

MEEG301                                      Fluid Mechanics                                          3

Fluid Properties And Definitions: Definition of fluid, Scope of fluid mechanics, Basic equations, Methods of analysis, Fluid as a continuum, Velocity field, Stress field, Fluid viscosity.  Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid.  Density.  Surface tension.  Compressibility.  Vapour pressure.  Cohesion and adhesion, Classification of fluid motions.

Fluid Statics: Pressure at a point, Basic equation of fluid statics, pressure variation in a static fluid, the standard atmosphere, Hydrostatic force on submerged plane and curved surfaces, Buoyancy and Stability, Fluids in rigid body motion.

Kinematics Of Fluid Flow: Timelines, Streamlines, Streak lines, path lines, stream function, velocity potential, acceleration of fluid particle in a velocity field, Irrotational flow, fluid rotation, fluid deformation, circulation and vorticity in cylindrical and rectangular coordinates.

Basic Equations of Fluid Flow: Basic laws for a system-Conservation of mass, Newton’s Second Law, Principle of angular momentum, First law of thermodynamics. Reynolds Transport theorem, Euler’s Equation, Bernoulli’s Equation, Bernoulli equation applied to irrotational flow, Static, Stagnation and Dynamic Pressures, Pitot tube, Pitot-Static tube. Flow measurement devices- venturi meter, orifice meter, nozzle meter. Forces due to fluid motion - Elbow reaction, Jet Propulsion, forces on fixed and moving vanes.

Viscous Flow: Boundary layer concept, Boundary layer thickness, flow over flat plates, Laminar and turbulent boundary layer flow, fully developed laminar flow between parallel plates, laminar flow in pipes and ducts, Energy consideration in pipe flow, Calculation of head loss, Fluid flow about immersed bodies-flow over flat plates, drag on immersed bodies.

Dimensional Analysis and Similitude: Nature of dimensional analysis, Buckingham Pi theorem, Determining the Pi groups, Dimensionless groups, Flow similarity and model studies.

Introduction to Compressible flow: Propagation of sound waves, Stagnation properties, Basic equations for Isentropic flow, Effect of area variation in Isentropic flow, Isentropic flow of an ideal gas-Basic Equations, Reference conditions, Isentropic flow in converging nozzle, Isentropic flow in Diverging nozzle.

References:

1. Fox, R.W., & McDonald, A.T., Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons

2. Kumar, K.L., Engineering Fluid Mechanics, Eurasia Publishing House, New Delhi, 1995.

3. Streeter & Wylie, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw-Hill Inc., Eighth Edition

 


EEEG301                                          Control Engineering                                       3

Objective: To introduce the principles of automatic control and their applications to engineering processes.

Introduction: definition of control systems, history and examples

Mathematical Modeling: physical balances, differential equations

Laplace Transform: definitions, transfer functions, mathematical block diagrams

Time Response Analysis: standard test signals, 1. order systems, 2. order systems, steady state response

Feedback Characteristics: parameter variations, system dynamics, disturbance effects

Stability Analysis: definitions based on impulse response, Routh’s criterion, root locus

Frequency Response Analysis: definitions, Bode diagrams and graphical representations

Stability In Frequency Domain: definitions, Nyquist’s stability criterion, Bode-Nyquist stability criterion, closed-loop frequency response and Nichols’ chart, stability margins

Design Of Linear Control Systems: specifications, PID-controllers, serial compensation, internal feedback, experimental methods, feed forward control

State Space Analysis: definition of multivariable systems, matrix representation of differential equations, transfer matrix, introduction to multivariable feedback

References:

  1. Wolovich: Automatic Control Systems, Basic Analysis and design, Saunders College Publishing, 1994

  2. Ogata: Modern control Engineering 2nd Ed, Prentice Hall Int, 1990

  3. Franklin et. al: Feedback Control of Dynamic systems 3rd Ed, Addison-Wesley, 1994

  4. Thompson: Control Systems Engineering and Design, ELBS(Longman), 1990

  5. Kuo: Automatic Control Systems 7th Ed, Prentice Hall Int, 1995

  6. Nagrath and Gopal: Control Systems Engineering 2nd Ed, Wiley, 1982

 

 

MEEG303                                  Machine Drawing & Design                                           3

Working stresses: Stress concentration, stress concentration factor, fatigue failure, endurance limit, factors affecting fatigue strength, ductile materials with steady stress, combined steady and alternating stresses, notch sensitivity and factors of safety.

Riveted, Screw Threaded And  Welded Connections: Riveted joints, use of riveted joints, rivet diameter, pitch, design stresses, design of typical joints Welded joints, strength of fillet weld, eccentric loading, welded pressure vessels.  Threaded fasteners and power screws, thread forms, effect of initial tension, effect of applied load on bolt screw, efficiency of screw thread, coefficient of friction and stresses in power screw.

Mechanical Springs: Stresses in helical springs, deflection in helical springs, extension springs, compression springs, spring materials, design of helical spring, critical frequency of helical spring, fatigue loading, helical torsion spring, Belleville and miscellaneous spring, energy-storage capacity

Rolling Contact Bearings: Bearing types, life, bearing load, selection of ball and straight rolling bearing, selection of tapered rolling bearing, lubrication, mounting and enclosure

Lubrication And Journal Bearing: Types of lubrication, viscosity, Petroff's law, stable lubrication, thick film lubrication, hydrodynamic lubrication, design consideration, bearing performance, heat balance, bearing design, bearing types, thrust bearing, bearing material.

Design And Production Drawings-Machine Drawings:  Production of complete detail design and assembly drawings.  Limit dimensioning; nominal and basic size, allowance, tolerance, limits of size, clearance fit, interference fit, basic hole system and shaft systems.  Fasteners; types and drawing representation.

Keys, collars, joints, spring bearings.  Assembly drawings; drawing layout, bill of materials, drawing numbers.

References:

Machine design:

1. Shigley: Mechanical engineering design, McGraw Hill

2. Shegal & Maleev: Mechanical design of machines

3. Bhattacharya & Basu Mallick: Machine design, Basu Mallick

Machine drawing:

1. Jones and Jones:  Engg. Drawing, Heywood, Manchester

2. K.R. Gopalakrishna: Machine drawing, Subhas stores, Bangalore

 

 

 

MEEG304                               Manufacturing Processes II                                        3

Introduction To Machine Tools And Classification Of Machine Tools:

Lathe:  types of lathe, lathe parts, work holding devices: chucks, face plate.  Lathe operations: facing, turning, drilling, boring.  Taper turning: calculation and problems.  Thread cutting; gear calculation; use of dial indicator.  Method of cutting multiple threads, thread chaser, cutting metric threads.  Eccentric turning.  Capstan and turret lathes.  Layout of turret tooling.

Drilling And Boring Machines:  types of drilling machines, parts and their functions.  Twist drill terminology.  Speeds and feeds in drilling, machining time calculation.  Boring machines: horizontal and vertical boring machines.   Jig boring machines, use of jigs in drilling.

Shaping, Planing And Slotting: shaping machine parts and their functions.  Principle of crank shaper and hydraulic shaper, speeds and feeds, table feeding mechanism. Planers, types and their relative merits.  Difference between planer, shaper and slotter.  Description of slotting machines and their function.

Milling Machines: types and principles of milling.  Milling operations: grooves, splines, dovetail, T-slot milling and gear cutting.  Milling cutter terminology. Indexing: simple, compound, differential indexing and calculations.  Gear generation methods: gear shaping and gear hobbing.

Grinding: abrasive wheel, abrasive, bond, grain, grade, structure, designation of grinding wheel, speeds and feeds, balancing, truing and dressing of grinding wheel, types of wheel shapes, coolant used.  Grinding machines:  surface, cylindrical, internal, centerless abrasive belt grinder and tool, cutter grinders.  Grinding operations, live center and dead center grinding, plunge cut and traverse grinding, tap and thread grinding.

References:

  1. Campbell: Materials and process of manufacturing

  2. Lindberg: Process and material manufacture, TMH

  3. Hajra Choudhary & Bose S.K.: Elements of W/S technology, vol. 2, Media motors publishing, PHI, 1982

  4. Chapman: Workshop technology, ELBS

  5. Raghuvanski: Workshop technology, Vol. 2.

 

 

 

MGTS301                                            Engineering Economy                                                                 3

Objective: The course intends to provide understanding of the basic principles of economic analysis and tools to evaluate engineering projects.

Introduction to Engineering Economy: Background- Origin, principles, engineering economy and design process, engineering economic analysis procedure, accounting and engineering economy studies. Cost concepts and design economics- Cost estimating and cost terminology, the general economic environment, break-even point, cost-driven design optimization.

Time Value of Money: Interest-Simple interest and compound interest. Equivalence- concept, cash flow diagrams, simple interest formulae for present, future and annual equivalents. Minimum rate of attractive return- Present worth method, future worth method, annual worth method, internal rate of return method, external rate of return method, payback period method. Comparing alternatives- Useful lives equal to study period, useful lives are different among alternatives, capitalized worth method, mutually exclusive combinations of projects.

Depreciation and Income Taxes: Depreciation - Concepts, classical depreciation methods. Taxation in Nepal- Taxation laws, Corporate tax structure, Individual tax structure, and depreciation rates in taxes.

Project Analysis: Cost estimation techniques- Integrated approach to develop the net cash flows, parametric cost estimating, cost estimation in the design process, value engineering. Price changes and exchange rates- Consumer price index and the producer price index, foreign exchange rates, price inflation or deflation, project analysis with price changes. Replacement analysis- Reasons and factors for replacement studies, Economic life. Dealing with uncertainty- Risk and uncertainty, sensitivity analysis, risk adjusted minimum attractive rate of returns

Text Books:

  1. Engineering Economy. William G. Sullivan, James A. Bontadelli, Elin M. Wicks. Pearson Education, Inc., 11th Edition, 2000.

  2. Taxation laws in Nepal

References:

1.      E P DeGarmo, W.G. Sullivan & J A Bontadelli, Engineering Economy ,McMillan, 8th Edition, 1988

2.      H G Theussen et. al.,  Engineering Economy,  Prentice Hall of India.

3.      V C Gupta & Samuel Paul, Managerial Economics,  McGraw Hill

4.      I M Pandey, Financial Management, Bikash Publisher

5.      Prasanna Chandra, Financial Management, McGraw Hill

 

 

MEEG306                                                        Heat Transfer                                                            3

Conduction: The conduction rate equation, thermal properties of matter, the heat diffusion equation, boundary and initial conditions. one and two dimensional steady state conduction- plane wall, composite wall, temperature distribution, thermal resistance, contact resistance, cylindrical systems, spherical system, conduction with energy generation.

Heat transfer from extended surfaces: a general conduction analysis, fins of uniform cross-section, fin performance, fins of nonuniform cross sectional area, overall surface efficiency. Finite difference equation-the nodal network, finite difference form of heat equation, the energy balance method, and finite difference solutions. 

Convection: Convection boundary layers- velocity, thermal and concentration boundary layers, boundary layer similarity, physical significance of the dimensionless parameters, Heat transfer from flat plates and tubes.  Empirical correlations for heat transfer in pipes and tubes.  Correlations for flow across cylinders and tube banks.  Free convection from plates and cylinders.

Boiling and Condensation: Boiling modes, Pool boiling, Forced-convection boiling, Condensation, Laminar and turbulent film condensation.

Heat exchangers: Types of heat exchangers Overall heat transfer coefficient, Log mean temperature difference-parallel, counterflow heat exchangers.  Heat exchanger analysis- the effectiveness-NTU method, Heat exchanger design considerations.

Radiative heat transfer: Concept of black body radiation-The planck distribution, Wein’s displacement law, Band emission.  Radiation properties- emissivity, absorptivity and reflectivity. Kirchhoff’s law, the gray surface, Environmental radiation. Radiation shape factors.  Radiation between gray bodies, network analysis, Radiation shields.

Text Book:

1. Incropera & DeWitt, Fundamental of Heat and Mass Transfer, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons,  

References:  

1. Holman, J.P., "Heat transfer- SI Metric Edition" McGraw Hill.

2. Balachandra, V. Kalekar & Robert M. Desmond, "Heat Transfer", PHI.

3. S.P. Sukhatme, "Heat Transfer", Oriental Longman.

4. Eckert & Drake, "Introduction to Heat & Mass Transfer", McGraw Hill  

 

 

MEEG307                                 Machine Design                                                              3

Gears: spur gears; Force analysis, tooth stresses, dynamic effect, estimating gear size, fatigue strength, surface durability, surface fatigue strength, heat dissipation, gear material, gear blank design.

Helical, worm and bevel gear: Kinematics, force analysis, strength analysis for helical, worm and bevel gears

Shafts: Introduction, design for static load, reverse bending and steady torsion, types of keys, design of keys.  Metal fits and tolerances.

Clutches, brakes, couplings and flywheels:  Internal-expanding rim clutches and brakes.  External-contracting clutches and brakes.  Band-type clutches and brakes.  Frictional-contact axial clutches.  Cone clutches and brakes.  Energy considerations.  Temperature rise.  Friction materials.  Miscellaneous clutches and couplings.  Flywheels.

References:

Shigley: Mechanical Engineering Design, McGraw Hill

Shegal & Maleev: Mechanical Design of Machines

Bhattacharya & Basu Mallick: Machine Design, Basu Mallick

Ghosh: Practical Machine Design, Basu Mallick & Co.

 

 

 

 

MEEG308                              Production Planning and Control                                          3

Definition And Functions Of Production Planning And Control.

Types of production systems: project type, job order type. Similar process production, Continuous production. Design feature of production control system for different types of production system, production-consumption cycle. Organization for PPC Section.  Conventional organizational structure for PPC. Variation in organization structure.

Central and decentralized PPC.            

Pre-Planning: Product development and design. Effect of company policy and competition on design; product analysis; marketing aspect; functional aspect; operational aspect; durability and dependability; aesthetic aspect. Economic analysis;  Profit and competitiveness, standardization, simplification-Preferred numbers, break-even value charts, the economics of new design-production aspect. Effect of

plant layout and material handling.      

Sales Forecasting: Types of forecasts; Uses of forecasts; forecasting techniques; trend line; market survey; exponential smoothing; correlation analysis; Historical estimate; seasonability distribution; Forecast control using Kolmogoroot’s theorem for cumulative seasonability distribution.  Problems.

Process Design:  Product planing or buy decision, value analysis, process planning, process sheet routing.  Tool control.  Calculations for requirements of machine/man power.

Inventory Control: Classification of inventory, ABC analysis, ordering cost.  Carrying cost, set up cost.  Econoomic order quantity deetermination i) instantaneous delivery ii) delivery over a period of time iii) instantaneous delivery with shortage permitted iv) delivery over a  period of time with shortage permitted.  Effect of quantity discount.  Multi-item inventory control.  Average inventory constancy, Oder constancy, re-order  point, lead time, safety stock.   Scientific re-oder point formula

Job scheduling:  Scheduling techniques. Grant charts.  Mathematical loading and scheduling index method; sequencing process of n jobs through m machines; cases of having n jobs and 2 machines; n jobs and 3 machines; 2 jobs and m machines.  Dispatching and expediting.

References:

  1. Scheele, Westermann & Wimmert, “Design of Production Control Systems”, PHI.

  2. S. Eilon, “Elements of Production Planning and Control”, Universal Book corporation.

  3. Joseph G. Monks, “Operation Management”.

  4. Biegel, “Production Control”, PHI, (3rd Edn).

 

 

MEEG309                              Hydraulic Machines                                                  3

Introduction to Kinematics:  Relative, angular and absolute velocity.  Dynamic action of a fluid.  Linear momentum.  Impulse and momentum equations.  Dynamic force exerted by fluid jet.  Stationary and moving plates.  Radial flow over turbine blades, power produced by a radial machine.  Fluid couplings, fluid flywheel, torque converter.  Hydrostatic transmissions.

Pumps:  Centrifugal, reciprocating, rotary and radial type.   Working principles.  Pump characteristics and selection.  Hydraulic ram.

Water Turbines.  Pelton, Francis and Kaplan type.  Working principles.  Components and their functions.  Characteristics.  Water turbine governors, working principle.

Design Of Pumps And Turbines.  Fundamental principles for design.  Classification.  Dimensional analysis.  Euler’s energy equation.  Flow through impellers.  Axial forces and moments.  Analysis of  hydraulic machines. Main dimensions.  Design of impellers.  Velocity diagrams.  Cavitation in hydraulic machines.

References:

1. Jagadish Lal: “Fluid machines Including Fluidics”, Metropolitan Book Co., New Delhi, 1995.

2. Others as prescribed by the Instructor

 

 

 

MEEG310                                              Metrology                                                             3  

General measurement concept: Principles of achieving accuracy.  Methods for estimating accuracy and precision; precision versus accuracy.  systematic and constant errors. Statistical concepts in metrology.  Statistical analysis of measurement  data.  Control chart techniques.

Comparators: Mechanical, optical, pneumatic, electrical and electronic comparators; Automatic gauging for inspection.

General principles of measurements: Line and end measurements.  Standards. Linear measurements.  Basic units and quantities for displacement, mass, time, temperature and optics.  Systems of limits and fits.  Selecting and assigning of fits.  Tolerances for linear dimensions and  tolerances for ball and roller bearings.

Gauges: Classification.  Design of gauges; gauge makers' tolerance, wear allowance.  Gauge material and gauge manufacture. Tools of checking straightness; flatness and squareness.

Measurements of angles and tapers.  Sine bar and angle gauges. Taper gauges, bevel protractors.

Measurement of  Surface Finish: Definition; elements of surface finish.  Symbols for specifying surface finish. Instruments for surface finish measurement.

Optical measuring instruments: Interferometry, optical flats, optimeters. tool makers microscope, optical projectors, levels, collimators.

Gauging and measurement of screw threads: Gauging methods for manufacturing.  Screw thread terminology.   Standard specifications and formulae tolerances.  Thread gauge measurement, measuring equipment for thread gauges.

Gear measurement: Measuring methods for run-outs.  Pitch profile, lead, backlash and tooth thickness; composite elements; inspection equipment.

References:

  1. R.K Jain, "Metrology", Khanna Publication, New Delhi.

  2. Sharpe, "Metrology",ELBS.

  3. Hume, "Metrology", McDonald & Co.

 

 

MEPP401                                    Manufacturing Processes III                           3

Micro-finishing processes:  Lapping, honing and super-finishing.  Lapping- and honing machines merits and demerits.

Modern methods of machining:  Chipless machining.  Thread rolling.  Spline rolling.  Cold impact extrusion.  EDM, ECM.  Ultrasonic, laser beam machining.  High rate forming.  Explosive, hydrospark, magnetic and expansion forming.  Water-jet machining, abrasive jet-machining.

Introduction to Computer Aided Design And Manufacture:   Numerical control of machine tools.  Numerical control.  NC-systems.  Binary code sheets, tape and code preparation.  NC-machine part programming.  Recent developments.

Powder Technology.  Process, description of powder technology.  Manufacturing of metal powders.  Automation.  Reduction.  Electrolysis.  Blending and compacting.  Properties of sintered pm-products.  Type of pm-products, merits and demerits.

Theory Of Metal Cutting:  Orthogonal and oblique cutting.  Types of chips.  Relation between chip thickness ratio.  Shear angle and rake angle in orthogonal machining.  Velocity relationship.  Merchant’s theory and analysis of forces in orthogonal machining.

Design Of Jigs, Fixtures And Press tools.

References:

  1. Chapman:  “Workshop Technology”, ELBS.

  2. Hajra Choudhary & Bose SK:  “Elements of Workshop Technology”, Vol. 11, Media Promoters and Publishers.

  3. Martin, S.J.:  “N.C. Machine Tools”, ELBS.

  4. Bhattacharya:  “New Technology”.

  5. Parson, Saj:  “Production tooling equipment”, BI Publications, 1966.

  6. Kempster:  “Design of Jigs and Fixtures”.

  7. ASTME:  “Fundamentals of tool design”.

 

 

MEPP403                        Refrigeration & Air Conditioning                                3

Fundamentals of Refrigeration:  Refrigeration systems.  Air-refrigeration system, vapor-compression system.  Use of pressure-enthalpy and temperature-entropy diagrams.  Vapor-compression systems with multiple evaporators and condensers.  Absorption-refrigeration system.  Properties of refrigerants.  Introduction to cryogenics.

Air-Conditioning:  Psychometrics.  Properties of moist air.  Heating and humidification.  Cooling and dehumidification.  Mixing of 2 streams of air.  Evaporative cooling.

Air-conditioning Systems:  Dx-system, all-air system, all-water system, air-water system.  Components of central air-conditioning.  Heating systems.  Cooling load calculations.

Components of Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning systems:  High-pressure, low-pressure cut-outs, pressure switch, thermostat, humidostat, filter drier, duct, fans.

Thermal insulation:  Properties of insulation materials.

Preventive maintenance.

References:

  1. George Clifford:  “Modern Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning”, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1984.

  2. Roy J. Dossat:  “Principles of Refrigeration, 2nd ed., SI version, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 198

  3. Ballani. P.L.:  “Refrigeration and air conditioning”, India.

  4. Arrora, C.P.: “Refrigeration and air conditioning”, India.

  5. Kumar, D.S.: “Refrigeration and air conditioning”, India.

  6. Domkunwar: “Refrigeration and air conditioning”, India.

  7. ASHRAE:  Handbook.

 

 

MGTS401                              Industrial Management                                       3

Objective: To equip the students with the skills necessary to effectively and efficiently manage the industrial organizations and to identify important issues in organizational productivity factors like Hardware, Software & Humanware.

Organization and Management: Managing and managers- organization and management, management process, management level and skills, the challenge of management. The evolution of management theory- scientific management school, classical organization theory school, behavioral school, management science school, recent developments in management theories. Decision making- Problems and opportunities finding, nature of managerial decision making, certainty, risk and uncertainty in decision making, rational model of decision making.

Operations Management & Industrial Engineering: Production and operations strategy and interfaces- production/operation function and the organization, production/operation strategy, planning and controlling, the operations, POM & financial management, POM in manufacturing and service environments. Plant and facilities-Location and design of the plant or facilities, layout of the facilities, equipment selection, maintenance of the facilities and equipment. The Processes- method study, work measurement, controlling quality through measurement.

Marketing Research and Forecasting: The role of marketing in organizations and society- marketing management process, marketing concept, marketing and society. Marketing strategy- analyzing strategic business units, selecting marketing strategies. Customer analysis- identifying customers, identifying customers buying behaviors, customers oriented organization. Product development and testing- product life cycle, product development process, marketing interfaces with R&D.

Industrial Psychology & Human Engineering: Organizational behavior- human behavior study, theory X and theory Y, OB learning method. Basic psychology in organizations-social perception, learning, personality. Motivation- basic human needs, equity theory, expectancy theory, job enlargement and job enrichment.

Quality and Productivity Engineering: Productivity-definition, factors affecting productivity, total productivity model. Quality for productivity- statistical quality control, total quality management.

Industrial Acts: The Company Act, the Industrial Enterprise Act, the technology transfer Act, the Labour Act

References:

1.      Management, J.A.F. Stoner, R.E.Freeman &D.R.Gilbert, J., 1995, Prentice Hall

2.      Production and Operations Management, E.E.Adam, Jr. & R.J. Ebert, 1993, Prentice Hall

3.      Basic Marketing Management, D.J.Dalrymple & L.J.Parsons, 1995, John Wiley,

4.      Managing  Behaviour in Organization, Jerald Greenberg, 1999, Prentice Hall

5.      Productivity Engineering and Management, David J.Sumanth, 1984, McGraw Hill

6.      Nepalese acts: The Company Act, The Industrial Enterprise Act, The Technology Transfer Act,    

        The  Labour Act

 

 

MEPP408                               Maintenance Engineering                                  3

Introduction To Maintenance:  Need for maintenance.  Types of maintenance, breakdown, corrective and preventive maintenance.  Maintenance planning.  Scheduled, monitored maintenance.  Cost of maintenance versus cost of equipment and production delays.  Inspection.  Inspection intervals, inspectors, inspection reports, card system.

Predictive Maintenance:  Equipment wear records.  Standards.  Equipment used in maintenance. 

Computerized Maintenance:  Records, The role of computers in a maintenance program. 

Non-destructive testing:  Liquid penetrants.  Magnetic particles.  Ultrasound testing. Vibration analysis.  Oil analysis.  Radiographic testing.

Maintenance Of Mechanical Drives: Bearings: overheating, noise, vibration.  Chain drives:  Normal wear in chain drives.  Tension in chain drive.  Sprokets.  Lubrication. 

Belt drives.  Tension in belts.  Environmental conditions.  Overloads.  Gears.  Normal wear on a gear.  Lubrication.  Alignment problems.  Shock, overloading.  Couplings.  Rigid, flexible couplings. 

Maintenance Of Fluid Power Systems:  Pumps.  Noise, heat.  Compressors.  Heat transport problems, noise, vibration.  Control valves.

Maintenance Of Heat Power Systems.

Safety Precautions:  Fire protection, electrical danger, machine tool safety.

Protective Coating: Types of corrosion.  Prevention methods.  Coating systems.  Cathodic protection. 

References:

  1. Terry Wireman:  “Preventive Maintenance”, Reston Publishing Company, Prentice-Hall, Reston, Virginia, USA.

  2. Miller & Blood:  “Modern Maintenance Management”.

  3. Stainer:  “Plant Engg Hand Book”.

  4. Morrow:  “Maintenance Engg. Hand Book”.

 

 

 

MEPP426                          Fundamentals of Safety Management                            3

Objective: The scope of the course is the structure and application of Safety/Loss Prevention in private and public enterprises.

Safety Management System: The structure and functioning of a Safety Management System(SMS), Examples of advanced SMS, the description of the elements of a SMS model: (1)Leadership & commitment, (2)Policy & Strategic Objectives,(3) Organization Resources & Documentation, (4)Evaluation & Risk Management,(5) Planning,(6) Implementation and Monitoring, (7)Auditing & Reviewing.

Accidents; immediate and basic cause, accident and incident, investigation of accident, Reporting, Statistics, cost of accident, Accident cost Iceberg, Prevention of accidents.

Loss: accidental loss to people, property, process, environment, Loss Causation Model.

Simple Risk Analysis: Risk analysis in risk management, Prioritization of risk reducing measures, Quantitative Risk acceptance criteria, Qualitative risk acceptance criteria, Risk analysis elements and flow diagram, Requirements of qualitative and quantitative risl analysis, Qualitative or quantitative risk assessment, Strengths and limitations of qualitative and quantitative risk assessment.

Reliability and Risk analysis: Objectives, subject areas, Reliability, Probability and frequency, accidents and near misses, Reliability analysis, Reliability management, Risk, Acceptance criteria, Planning, execution and use of reliability analysis.

Basic reliability and risk analysis methods: Use of statistics-accident and reliability data, Failure mode and effect analysis FMEA -introduction, basic principles, execution, Fault Tree Analysis FTA - introduction, fault tree construction, minimal cut sets, qualitative and quantitative analysis of fault tree.  Cause Consequence Analysis/Event Tree Analysis CCA-introduction, CCA diagram construction, qualitative and quantitative analysis. Introduction to other methods- MORT, HAZOP, SMORT etc.

System Reliablity: reliability of series, parallel and koon structures, redundancy, repairable and non-repairable system, Birnbaum’s measure, criticality importance.

References:  

1. Hoyland and Rausand, System Reliability Theory, Wiley Interscience,

2. Terje Aven, System Safety And Reliability

 

 

MEPP407                               Mechanical Engineering Design                                                           3

Course objective:  to inspire the design process through creativity, analysis and synthesis.

Introduction to the design process:  Recognition of need.  Definition of the problem.  Relations between functional requirements, product geometry, material selection and manufacturing methods.  Information flow between the activities in the design process.  The interface between related activities.

Conceptualisation: evaluation of alternatives. Feedback from manufacturer and user.  Feasibility studies.  Preliminary design.  Detailed design and analysis.  Planning for manufacture.  Planning for distribution and use. 

Problem Solving And Decision Making:  The problem solving process.  Creative problem solving.  Invention.  Brainstorming.  Problem statement:  need, goals, constraints, compromises, conditions, criteria for evaluation.  Preparation, incubation, inspiration and verification of a solution.

Modelling And Simulation In Design:  Computer-Aided Design.  Optimization Techniques.

Materials Selection:  Properties of materials.  Economics of materials.  Evaluation methods for materials selection.  Cost versus performance.  Cost and value analysis. 

Interaction Of Materials, Manufacturing And Design:  Overview of manufacturing in relation to design.  Casting, forging, sheet metal forming, machining, welding, assembly.  Material properties, type of loading, corrosion and  wear resistance with respect to design.

Case studies.

References:

  1. Dieter, G.E.:  “Engineering Design - a Materials Processing Approach”,

  2. McGraw Hill, First Metric edition, 1986.

  3. Spotts, M.E.:  “Design of machine Elements”, Prentice Hall, 4th ed.

  4. Shigley, J.E.:  “Machine Design”, McGraw Hill, latest ed.

 

 

MEPP408                               Maintenance Engineering                                              3

Introduction To Maintenance:  Need for maintenance.  Types of maintenance, breakdown, corrective and preventive maintenance.  Maintenance planning.  Scheduled, monitored maintenance.  Cost of maintenance versus cost of equipment and production delays.  Inspection.  Inspection intervals, inspectors, inspection reports, card system.

Predictive Maintenance:  Equipment wear records.  Standards.  Equipment used in maintenance. 

Computerized Maintenance:  Records, The role of computers in a maintenance program. 

Non-destructive testing:  Liquid penetrants.  Magnetic particles.  Ultrasound testing. Vibration analysis.  Oil analysis.  Radiographic testing.

Maintenance Of Mechanical Drives: Bearings: overheating, noise, vibration.  Chain drives:  Normal wear in chain drives.  Tension in chain drive.  Sprokets.  Lubrication. 

Belt drives.  Tension in belts.  Environmental conditions.  Overloads.  Gears.  Normal wear on a gear.  Lubrication.  Alignment problems.  Shock, overloading.  Couplings.  Rigid, flexible couplings. 

Maintenance Of Fluid Power Systems:  Pumps.  Noise, heat.  Compressors.  Heat transport problems, noise, vibration.  Control valves.

Maintenance Of Heat Power Systems.

Safety Precautions:  Fire protection, electrical danger, machine tool safety.

Protective Coating: Types of corrosion.  Prevention methods.  Coating systems.  Cathodic protection. 

References:

  1. Terry Wireman:  “Preventive Maintenance”, Reston Publishing Company, Prentice-Hall, Reston, Virginia, USA.

  2. Miller & Blood:  “Modern Maintenance Management”.

  3. Stainer:  “Plant Engg Hand Book”.

  4. Morrow:  “Maintenance Engg. Hand Book”.

 

 

MGTS402                                ENGINEERING ENTERPREUNERSHIP                             3

Objective: To aprise students of the possibilities of an  engineering career that capitalises on market opportunities for innovative products.

Introduction and overview:

          - Need, scope and characteristics of entrepreneurship

          - Nature of entrepreneurial activities in the SAARC region

          - prevailing government industrial policy

          - incentives available

          - linkage between small and larger industrial sectors

Motivation and attitude development

          - understanding human behavior

          - self assessment and risk taking

          - creativity and innovation

          - stress and conflict management

          - group dynamics, leadership and communication

Project identification and formulation

          - information sources

          - choice of technology

          - market survey and research

          - demand and resource based industry

          - service industries, subcontracting

          - project assessment and reporting

Financial management in small business

          - sources of finance, raising term loans

          - working capital assessment and management

          - financial statements and break-even analysis, ratio analysis

          - essentials of costing, budgeting  and pricing

          - leasing, shares and debentures

Project execution and administration

Reference:

  1. Steinhoff   Small Business Management Fundamentals McGraw Hill 1980


MEPP412                                      Automobile Engineering                                           3

Objective: The course deals with the functions, operation and maintenance of the automobile.

Introduction to automobile engineering: History and operation of the automobile.

The power unit: Principles of engine operation, classification of engine, Four stroke spark-ignition engine, four stroke compression ignition engine, comparison between CI and SI engine, two stroke engine, comparison of four stroke and two stroke engine, Engine parts and their functions.  Multiple-cylinder engines, turbocharged engines.

The Fuel System: Introduction, spark-ignition and compression-ignition.  Fuels and combustion.  The carburetor.  Direct fuel-injection systems.  Fuel-feed, fuel pumps and fuel injectors, intake and exhaust system, electronic fuel injection system, intercooling.

The cooling system: Need for cooling system, characteristics of an efficient cooling system, types of cooling system, liquid cooled system- direct or non-return, thermosyphon, forced circulation, evaporative cooling system, pressure cooling system, air cooled system – fins, baffles, comparison between liquid and air cooled systems.

Bearings & Lubrications: bearings-types and requirements, lubrication-objectives, requirements, types of lubricants, viscosity rating, and testing of lubricants, crankcase ventilation, systems of engine lubrications – petroil system, splash system, pressure system, semi-pressure system, dry-sump system.

The electrical system: Battery, starting and generating systems.  Ignition systems- battery, magneto, transistorized coil ignition, capacitive discharge ignition, lighting systems.

Power transmission: The clutch. Gear Box systems – sliding mesh, constant mesh, synchromesh, planetary and automatic transmissions, Propeller shafts, final drives and differentials.

Brakes: mechanical, hydraulic and power assisted brakes and their components. 

Suspension and steering system: Wheels and tires, chassis.

Vehicular Pollution: NOx, COx, Sox and smoke measurement methods-chemiluminescence method, Non-dispersive infra-red analyser, Flame ionisation detector, smokemeters (Light, Hartridge, Bosch etc.), sound level meter.

References: 

1.      Joseph Heitner: Automotive mechanics, Principles and practices.  EWP, New Delhi, 1967.

2.      Newton & Steeds: Motor Vehicle, Butter Worth, 2nd ed.

3.      Kripal Singh, Automobile Engg, Std publishers

4.      Agrawal, K.M.:  Automobile design problems,  Satya Prakashana.

5.      Ganeshan, V., Internal Combustion Engine

6.      Crouse, W., Internal Combustion Engine

 

 

MEPP422                                    Heat and Power Engineering                                3

Combustion of hydrocarbon fuels: fuels, Stoichiometry, Conservation of energy for reacting systems-enthalpy of formation, enthalpy of combustion, heating values, adiabatic flame temperature, absolute entropy and third law of thermodynamics, entropy balance for reacting system, fuel cells.

Industrial burners: Gas burners.  Burners for liquidized and solid fuels.

Industrial boilers: Definition, Requirements of an efficient boiler, Classification of boilers, Fire-tube and water tube boilers. Fluidised bed boiler and other boiler types. Steam accumulators, Boiler mountings and accessories. Central-boiler station and accessory equipment.

Nozzles and Diffusers: Types of Nozzles, flow of steam through nozzles, continuity and steady flow energy equations, nozzle and diffuser efficiencies, nozzle shape for uniform pressure drops, mass flow through nozzle, critical conditions, supersaturated flow in nozzles and effect of back pressure.

Fundamentals of steam-turbine systems: Principles of operation, impulse turbine, compounding of impulse turbine, reaction turbine, velocity diagram for steam turbine, degree of reaction, Reheat factor, Efficiencies, concept of cogeneration.

Drying processes: Direct and indirect drying processes.  Steam drying, air-drying, advantages and disadvantages.  Analysis of driers.  Energy and cost optimization.

Vapor power systems: The Rankine cycle. Superheat and reheat, regenerative vapor power cycle, working fluid characteristics, binary vapor cycles. Case study-Exergy analysis of a vapor power plant.

Gas power cycles: Air-standard Otto, Diesel, Dual and Brayton cycles.  Regenerative gas turbines with reheat and intercooling,

References:

1.      Moran & Shapiro, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons,

2.  R. Yadav, Thermodynamics and Heat Engines, Central Publishing House, Allahabad, India

3.  Jones & Dugan, Engineering Thermodynamics

 

 

MEPP425                                         Noise and Mechanical Vibration                                                                3

I: Vibration

Introduction and Free Vibrations: Introduction: Machine Tool Dynamics, Real hardware and simple models, Differential equations of motion, Sliding friction, viscous friction and dashpots, Simple Harmonic Motion of free vibration for Single dof systems, Undamped free vibrations, Undamped natural (circular) frequency, Constant force and Coulomb friction damping effects, Damped free Vibrations, Solution and Responses, Decay Factor, Damping Ratio, Critical damping, Damped natural (circular) frequency, Measurement of Damping Ratio: logarithmic decrement.

Forced Vibrations in Machines: SHM: Excitation by constant Amplitude periodic forcing functions, SHM: Solutions of the Forced Damped Vibration Equation, Steady-State (forced damped vibrations), Reducing vibration Excitation by Rotating Unbalance, Transient Vibrations and Two Degree-of-Freedom Systems.

Industrial Uses of Mechanical Vibrations: Uses of mechanical vibrations: Attenuation of Vibrations that cause inaccuracy, noise, fatigue, failure. Different mechanical equipments based on Vibration theory.

II: Sound And Acoustics

Noise: Introduction, Simple Vibration and Pure Tones, Musical Notes and the Diatonic Scale, The nature of Sound, Source – Path – Receiver, Sound Propagation in Elastic Media

Sound Wave one dimensional plane wave: frequency, wavelength, amplitude, speed Transmission from one medium to another Amplitude of Sound Units, Measurements of Sound Distribution of Sound, Octave Frequency Band 1/3 Octave Frequency Band, Hearing Anatomy and fine morphology

Perception of Sound: Loudness, pitch Phon scale, technological causes of deafness,

Restoration of Hearing

Sound Absorption: Introduction, Noise Prevention, Attenuation, Isolation, Reflection, Dissipation or Absorption, Sound Absorbing materials, terms used in measurement, mechanism of Sound Absorption, Factors affecting the sound absorption coefficient, sound absorbents, Methods of measuring sound absorption coefficients.

Noise control: Helmholtz Resonator –Description, Construction and Principle.Designing Equation of Helmholtz resonator, Analogues, Use.Traffic Noise-characteristics, sources and generation, choices for attenuation and control,Mufflers and silencers for IC engines, Design and Acoustic Treatment of Halls

Sound Barriers: Introduction, The mechanism of sound Isolation, sound Transmission Loss, Double cavity Wall Construction, Sound Transmission Class, Impact Noise rating system.

Case Studies

References 

  1. Gutman: Industrial Uses of Mechanical Vibration: Business Book Ltd., London

  2. Austin H. Church: Mechanical Vibrations: John Wiley and Sons

  3. W. Thompson: Mechanical Vibrations

  4. Rao & Gupta: Introduction to Mechanical Vibration  

MEEG216                               Engineering Mechanics                                         3

Introduction to Statics 

Definition of force, transmissibility, superposition, parallelogram law, triangle law, action and reaction, reactions at supports, free body diagrams, resultant of forces, concurrent coplanar forces, forces in plane and space, equilibrium of forces, couple of forces

Properties of Areas

Distributed forces, Centroid, Centre or gravity, area moment or inertia, mass moment of inertia, shear forces and bending moments in beams

Introduction to Statics of Structures

Equilibrium of members in a structure, equilibrium of trusses, methods of joint, methods of sections
 Friction  

Friction, origin of friction, laws of friction application of friction to engineering problems. Viz. wedge, ladder, belt, and rope.

Introduction To Dynamics

 Kinematics and kinetics, rectilinear motion, curvilinear motion, projectiles, tangential and normal components, radial and transverse components, Newton's laws of motion, kinetics of particle moving in curve, banking and super-elevation

Kinematics And Kinetics Of Rigid Bodies

Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis, uniformly accelerated rotation, velocity and acceleration of a rigid body in general plane motion, rectilinear and curvilinear translation, centroidal motion, general plane motion, rolling motion

Energy And Momentum Methods:

 Particle Motion: Energy methods for rectilinear translation, Impulse and momentum, direct impact, conservation of linear momentum Rigid Body Motion: Energy methods, centroidal rotation, rolling motion, general plane motion, Impact and conservation of angular momentum


REFERENCES:

1.I.H.Shames, "Engineering Mechanics: Statics and Dynamics" Prentice Hall of India, 3rd Edition

2.F.P.Beer and Jhonston Jr. "Mechanics for Engineers, Statics", Mc Graw-Hill, Singapore,1987, 4th Edition

3. F.P.Beer and Jhonston Jr. "Mechanics for Engineers, Dynamics", Mc Graw-Hill, Singapore,1987, 4th Edition

4.Merian J.L., "Mechanics : Part 1: Statics, Part 2 : Dynamics", Wiley International, 2nd Edition

5.Synge, "Principles of Mechanics", Mc Graw- Hill, 3rd Edition

6.K.L.Kumar "Engineering Mechanics", TMH

MEEG 217                              Basic Manufacturing Processes                                     3

LATHES:

Introduction to Machine Tools And Classification Of Machine Tools:

Lathe:  types of lathe, lathe parts, work holding devices: chucks face plate.  Lathe operations: facing, turning, drilling, and boring.  Taper turning: calculation and problems.  Thread cutting; gear calculation; use of dial indicator.  Method of cutting multiple threads, thread chaser, cutting metric threads.  Eccentric turning.  Capstan and turret lathes.  Layout of turret tooling.

Shaping, Planning, Slotting & Milling Machines: Gear Generation:

Shaping machine: parts and their functions Principle of crank shaper and hydraulic shaper, speeds and feeds, table-feeding mechanism.

Slotting Machine: description of slotting machines and their function

Planers: types and their relative merits, difference between planer, shaper and slotter.  

Milling Machines: types and principles of milling, milling cutter terminology, milling operations, gear cutting, indexing: simple, compound, differential indexing and calculations. 

Gear generation methods: gear shaping and gear hobbing

Other Machine Tools

Drilling Machines:  types of drilling machines, parts and their functions.  Twist drill terminology, machining time calculation. 

Boring machines: types & uses.

Broaching Machines: types & uses

Grinding Machines: designation of grinding wheel, grinding operations, speeds and feeds, balancing, truing and dressing of grinding wheel, types of wheel shapes, coolant used.

Metal Working:

True Stress, True Strain, Plastic Deformation, Hot Working, Hot Working Temperatures, Cold Working. Rolling, Principle, Equipment, Angle of Bite, Calculation for slip. Forging, Principle, Flow Stresses, Strain, Extrusion, Principle, Hot & Cold Extrusion, Wire Drawing, Principle, Tube Drawing, Sheet Metal Working, Definitions of Various Operations like Shearing, Blanking, Piercing Trimming, Shaving etc., Forging Hammer’s and Presses.

Foundry:

Foundry hand tools.  Foundry sand and their control additives.  Core and types of core. Pattern materials and types of patterns. Shrinkage allowances.  Molding process pouring.  Knockout and cleaning of casting. Brief description of special casting methods as shell molding, CO2 molding and centrifugal molding, Permeability, hardness, flowability.  Tensile compression, shear strength and moisture content. Defects in sand casting. Cupola.

Welding:

Welding: Soldering, brazing and braze welding advantages and limitations. Welding processes and applications.   Defects in welding

Gas Welding: Principles, Types of gases used, Types of Flames, Welding Techniques, Filler Rods, Principles Position of Torch, Precautions and Safety

Electric Arc Welding: Principles, A.C./D.C. Welding, Edge Preparation, , Welding Electrodes,  Manual Metal Arc Welding, Carbon Arc Welding, Inert Gas Shielded Arc Welding, TIG & MIG, Submerged Arc Welding, Atomic Hydrogen Arc Welding, Plasma Arc Welding, Stud Arc Welding, Arc Cutting.

Resistance Welding: Principles, Electrodes, Spot Welding, Seam Welding, Projection Welding, Upset Welding, Flash Welding.

 Fusion Welding Processes: Thermit Welding, Electro Slag Welding, Electron Beam and Laser Beam Welding

References:

  1. J.S. Campbell:  “Principle of manufacturing, TMH Publications & Co.
  2. Raghavan:  “Workshop technology I”
  3. Raghuwanshi:        “Workshop technology I”, Dhanpatrai & Sons
  4. Begman & Amsteed:  “Manufacturing processes”
  5. SK Hajra Choudhary & SK Rose:  “Elements of workshop technology, Vol. I”, Media Publishers.

 

MEEG 315                  Machine Element Design and Processes I               3

Objective: Main objective of this course is to introduce different design process and make them able to design basic machine components.

Introduction to the design process:  Recognition of need.  Definition of the problem.  Relations between functional requirements, product geometry, material selection and manufacturing methods.  Information flow between the activities in the design process.  The interface between related activities.

Conceptualization: evaluation of alternatives. Feedback from manufacturer and user.  Feasibility studies.  Preliminary design.  Detailed design and analysis.  Planning for manufacture.  Planning for distribution and use. 

Problem Solving And Decision Making:  The problem solving process.  Creative problem solving.  Invention.  Brainstorming.  Problem statement:  need, goals, constraints, compromises, conditions, criteria for evaluation. Preparation, incubation, inspiration and verification of a solution.

Working stresses: Stress concentration, stress concentration factor, fatigue failure, endurance limit, factors affecting fatigue strength, ductile materials with steady stress, combined steady and alternating stresses, notch sensitivity and factors of safety.

Riveted, Screw Threaded And Welded Connections: Riveted joints, use of riveted joints, rivet diameter, pitch, design stresses, design of typical joints Welded joints, strength of fillet weld, eccentric loading, welded pressure vessels.  Threaded fasteners and power screws, thread forms, effect of initial tension, effect of applied load on bolt screw, efficiency of screw thread, coefficient of friction and stresses in power screw.

Mechanical Springs: Stresses in helical springs, deflection in helical springs, extension springs, compression springs, spring materials, design of helical spring, critical frequency of helical spring, fatigue loading, helical torsion spring, belleville and miscellaneous spring, energy-storage capacity

Rolling Contact Bearings: Bearing types, life, bearing load, selection of ball and straight rolling bearing, selection of tapered rolling bearing, lubrication, mounting and enclosure

Lubrication and Journal Bearing: Types of lubrication, viscosity, Petroff's law, stable lubrication, thick film lubrication, hydrodynamic lubrication, design consideration, bearing performance, heat balance, bearing design, bearing types, thrust bearing, bearing material.

References:

  1. Shigley: Mechanical engineering design, McGraw Hill
  2. Shegal & Maleev: Mechanical design of machines
  3. Bhattacharya & Basu Mallick: Machine design, Basu Mallick
  4. Ghosh: Practical machine design, Basu Mallick & CO
Dieter, G.E.:  “Engineering Design - a Materials Processing Approach

MEEG 207                             Engineering Thermodynamics                                       3

 

Introductory concepts and definitions: Thermodynamic system, Property, state, process and equilibrium.  Specific volume, temperature and pressure.  Cycles.  Units.

Energy and First law of Thermodynamics: Definition of heat and work, quasi static processes, polytropic processes. First law for cycle and first law for a change of state. Internal energy. Specific heats cp and cv. Enthalpy. First law applied to flow processes. Steady Flow Energy Equation.

Properties of pure substances: Temperature-volume diagram and pressure-volume charts for water. Two phase systems. Use of thermodynamic charts and tables. Ideal gas equation of state. p-v-T relation for gases. Compressibility factor.

Second law of thermodynamics: Statements of the second law, reversible and irreversible processes. Second law corollaries for thermodynamic cycles. Kelvin temperature scale. Performance measures for power, refrigeration and heat pumps. Carnot cycle.

Entropy: Enequality of clausius. Entropy of pure subsatance. Entropy change in reversible processes. T-dS equation. Entropy change in the irreversible processes. Principle of increase of entropy. Entropy change of solid, liquid and ideal gas. Second law for closed and open systems. Exergy, exergy balance for closed systems. exergetic efficiency.

Steam power cycles: The Carnot cycle. The Rankine cycle. Effect of pressure and temperature on Rankine cycle. Pump work. Superheat, reheat and regeneration in the Rankine cycle.

Gas power cycle: Air-standard Otto and Diesel cycles. The Brayton cycle. Isentropic efficiency of compressor and turbine. The gas turbine with regenerator. Multistage compression, intercooling, reheat and regenerator in the Brayton cycle.

Refrigeration Cycle: The Carnot refrigeration cycle. Ideal Vapor compression refrigeration cycle. Working mediums. Pressure enthalpy charts and tables for refrigeration.

References:

  1. Van Wylen G.J., Sonntag, R.E. and Borgnakke, C. Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons.Hill
  2. Moran, J. M., Shapiro, H. N., Fundamental of Engineering Thermodynamics, Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons.
Nag P.K. - Thermodynamics, TMH Publications, New-Delhi.

MEEG 314                  Machine Drawing by using Auto CAD                                                       1

Machine Drawings:  Production of complete detail design and assembly drawings.  Limit dimensioning; nominal and basic size, allowance, tolerance, limits of size, clearance fit, interference fit, basic hole system and shaft systems.  Fasteners; types and drawing representation.

Keys, collars, joints, spring bearings.  Assembly drawings; drawing layout, bill of materials, drawing numbers.   

 

References:

Machine drawing:

  1. Jones and Jones:  Engg. Drawing, Heywood, Manchester
  2. K.R. Gopalakrishna: Machine drawing, Subhas stores, Bangalore
  3. Parkinson:  Engg drawing, Vol. 1 and 2, Isaac Pitmans & sons LTD

Note: Evaluation mode for this course is 80% internal class assessment and 20% final drawing test.

MEEG317                               Advanced Manufacturing Processes                          3

Theory of Metal Cutting:

Orthogonal and oblique cutting.  Types of chips.  Relation between chip thickness ratios.  Shear angle and rake angle in orthogonal machining.  Velocity relationship.  Merchant’s theory and analysis of forces in orthogonal machining, use of coolants, wears of cutting tools. Economics of machining

Modern Methods of Manufacturing & Finishing Processes: 

Electric Discharge Machining, Electro Chemical Machining, Ultrasonic, Laser Beam Machining, Magnetic and Expansion Forming, Water-Jet Machining, Abrasive Jet-Machining,

Lapping, honing and super-finishing:  Lapping- and honing machines merits and demerits, Chipless machining.

 Powder Technology:

 Process, description of powder technology.  Manufacturing of metal powders.  Automation.  Reduction.  Electrolysis.  Blending and compacting.  Properties of sintered pm-products.  Type of pm-products, merits and demerits.

 

Computer Aided Design:

Computer configuration for CAD applications, Two dimensional transformation, three dimensional transformations and projections. Plane Curves and Space Curves: Surface description and generation. Hidden line algorithms for wire frame modeling. Surface modeling. Solid –modeling  

CAD System utilization and application Introduction to CAD- soft wares such as AUTOCAD, PROENGINEER etc

 Computer Aided Manufacture:

Numerical control of machine tools.  Numerical control.  NC-systems.  Binary code sheets, tape and code preparation.  NC-machine part programming.  Recent developments  N.C. point programming, tool setting, cutter compensation parametric programming, CAPP, APT language structure APT Geometry, motion commands, post processor commands, repetitive programming, compilation and control commands.

Advances in Manufacturing Methods:

Group Technology, coding methods, FMS: structure, objectives, elements type, selection of configuration, Design problems of FMS.Expert system, concept, framework, steps for development of expert system. Artificial Intelligence & Neural Networks. Rapid Prototyping

References

1.      Chapman:  “Workshop Technology”, ELBS.

2.      Hajra Choudhary & Bose SK:  “Elements of Workshop Technology”, Vol. 11, Media Promoters and Publishers.

3.      Martin, S.J.:  “N.C. Machine Tools”, ELBS.

4.      Bhattacharya:  “New Technology”.

5.      Parson, Saj:  “Production tooling equipment”, BI Publications, 1966.

6.      Kempster:  “Design of Jigs and Fixtures”.

7.      ASTME:  “Fundamentals of tool design”.

 

MEEG 318           Machine Element Design and Processes II                          3

Materials Selection:  Properties of materials.  Economics of materials.  Evaluation methods for materials selection.  Cost versus performance.  Cost and value analysis

Gears: spur gears; Force analysis, tooth stresses, dynamic effect, estimating gear size, fatigue strength, surface durability, surface fatigue strength, heat dissipation, gear material, gear blank design.

Helical, worm and bevel gear: Kinematics, force analysis, strength analysis for helical, worm and bevel gears

Shafts: Introduction, design for static load, reverse bending and steady torsion, types of keys, design of keys.  Metal fits and tolerances.

Clutches, brakes, couplings and flywheels:  Internal-expanding rim clutches and brakes.  External contracting clutches and brakes.  Band-type clutches and brakes.  Frictional-contact axial clutches.  Cone clutches and brakes.  Energy considerations.  Temperature rise.  Friction materials.  Miscellaneous clutches and couplings.  Flywheels.

Interaction Of Materials, Manufacturing And Design:  Overview of manufacturing in relation to design.  Casting, forging, sheet metal forming, machining, welding, assembly.  Material properties, type of loading, corrosion and wear resistance with respect to design.

References:

  1. Shigley: Mechanical engineering design, McGraw Hill
  2. Shegal & Maleev: Mechanical design of machines
  3. Bhattacharya & Basu Mallick: Machine design, Basu Mallick
  4. Ghosh: Practical machine design, Basu Mallick & CO
  5. Dieter, G.E.:  “Engineering Design - a Materials Processing Approach

    MEPP 427                                                           Mechatronics                                                        3

Introduction

Introduction to Mechatronics: Definition, industrial application and building blocks of Mechatronics. Engineering Design process, the Mechatronics design process.

Sensors and transducers

Sensors and transducers, performance terminology, Displacement, position and proximity, Velocity and motion, Force, fluid Pressure, Liquid flow, liquid level, Temperature, Light sensors, Selection of sensors, Inputting data by switching

Signal Conditioning

Signal conditioning, The operational amplifier, Protection, Filtering, Whetstone Bridge, Digital Signals, Digital to Analog, Analog to Digital converter Data acquisition, Multiplexes, Digital Signal processing, Pulse modulation.

Introduction to Digital Logic

Boolean function, AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR Exclusive OR and equivalence gates, Combinational Circuits (adders, subtractors, encoders, decoders), Concept of sequential circuit.

Motion Control

Pneumatic and Hydraulic System Actuation systems, Pneumatic and Hydraulic systems, Directional control valves, Pressure control valves, Cylinders, Process control valves, Rotary actuators.

Mechanical Actuator system Mechanical systems, Types of motion, Kinematic chains, Cams, Gear trains, Belt and chain drives, Bearings, Mechanical aspect of motor selection.

Electrical Actuation System Electrical Systems, Mechanical Switches, solid-state switches, Solenoids, D.C. Motors, A.C. Motors, Stepper Motors.

Microprocessors and Assembly Language

Control, microcomputer structure, Microcontrollers, Applications, Programming

Languages, Instruction sets, Assembly language programs, Subroutines, memory units, RAM, ROM, EPROM etc.

Introduction to Robotics

Definition of Robot- basic concepts, robot configurations- types of Robot Drives- Basic Robot Motions- point to point control- continuous path   control, Basic control system concepts, control system analysis, Robot actuation and fed back, Manipulators – director and inverse kinematics, Coordinate Transformation – Brief Robot Dynamics.

Text Book:

  1. Bolton W., ”Mechatronics – Electronic control system in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering” 2nd Edition, Parson Education Limited Singapore (Pvt. Ltd.) Reprinted in India by Thomson Press New Delhi India
  2. Mikell P. Groover, Mitchell Weiss, “Industrial Robotics, Technology, programming, and Applications”, McGraw Hill International Editions, 1986

References

  1.  D.A. Bradley, D. Dawson , N.C. Burd & A.J. Loader :'Mechatronics : Electronics in products and processes', Chapman & Hall, (1991).

2.      John Pippenger Tykr. Hicks           : 'Industrial Hydraulics', McGraw Hill, (1973 ).

3.      E.W. Reeds, I.S. Lasman        : 'Fluid Power with MP control : An Introduction', Prentice Hall, ( 1967).

4.      K. Sawhney                          :'Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation',(1995).

5.  V. K. Mehta                     : 'Elements of Electronics'

 

MGTS 401                                                       Industrial Management                                     3

Organization and Management

Managing and managers: organization and management, management process, management level and skills, the challenges of management, social responsibility and ethics; The evolution of management theory: scientific management school, classical organization theory school, behavioural school, management science school, recent developments in management theories; Decision making: Problems and opportunities finding, nature of managerial decision making, certainty, risk and uncertainty in decision making, rational model of decision making;

Leadership and Communication

Leadership: defining leadership, the trait approach to leadership, the behavioural approach to leadership, leadership function and styles, contingency approaches to leadership, the future of leadership style; Communication: the importance of effective communication, interpersonal communication, improving communication processes, communication by organizations, using communication skills: negotiating to manage conflicts

Production and Operation Management (POM)

Production and operations strategy and interfaces: production/operation function and the organization, production/operation strategy, planning and controlling, the operations, POM & financial management, POM in manufacturing and service environments; Plant and facilities: Location and design of the plant or facilities, layout of the facilities, equipment selection, maintenance of the facilities and equipment

Marketing Research and Forecasting

The role of marketing in organizations and society: marketing management process, marketing concept, marketing and society; Marketing strategy: analyzing strategic business modules, selecting marketing strategies; Customer analysis: identifying customers, identifying customers buying behaviors, customers oriented organization; Product development and testing: product life cycle, product development process, marketing interfaces with R&D.

Human Resource Management

Organizational behavior: human behavior study, theory X and theory Y, OB learning method; Basic psychology in organizations: social perception, learning, personality; Motivation: basic human needs, equity theory, expectancy theory, job enlargement and job enrichment.

Quality and Productivity Engineering

Productivity: definition, factors affecting productivity, total productivity model; Quality for productivity: statistical quality control, total quality management, Japanese contribution to world class manufacturing

References:

  1. Management, J.A.F. Stoner, R.E.Freeman & D.R.Gilbert, J., 1995, Prentice Hall
  2. Production and Operations Management, E.E.Adam, Jr. & R.J. Ebert, 1993, Prentice Hall
  3. Basic Marketing Management, D.J.Dalrymple & L.J.Parsons, 1995, John Wiley,
  4. Managing Behavior in Organization, Jerald Greenberg, 1999, Prentice Hall
  5. Productivity Engineering and Management, David J.Sumanth, 1984, McGraw Hill
Essentials of Management, Harold Koontz and Heinz Weihrich, 1990, McBraw Hill

MGTS 402                                ENGINEERING ENTERPREUNERSHIP                             3

Introduction and Overview

Definitions of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship and small business management

Entrepreneurship vs. intrapreneurship, entrepreneur vs. managers

Linkage between small and larger industrial sectors

Entrepreneurial traits and motivations

Factors affecting entrepreneurial growth

Role of entrepreneur in economic development

Entrepreneurial challenges and opportunities in Nepal

Nature of entrepreneurial activities in SAARC region

WTO and Nepal, SAFTA and SAPTA, ISO certification

Prevailing HMG policies – industrial enterprise act, technology transfer act, IT policy, tourism policy, labour act

Project Identification, Formulation and Appraisal

Definitions, types and phases of projects, project life cycle

Forms of business/organization ownership

Methods of project (business opportunity) identification

Project formulation (business plan) - importance and need

Different steps of project formulation

Features, importance and preparation of feasibility plan (project proposal)

Project design and network analysis techniques

Concept and methods of project appraisal

Project Management

Location and site selection for project

Risk, risk identification, sources of risks and risks management

Conflict, origins and consequences of conflict and conflict management

Emotional stress, effect of stress and stress management

Financial Management

Different sources of finance

Leasing, shares and debentures

Financial statements and ratio analysis

Essentials of pricing

Working Capital management

References:

  1. Entrepreneurship, DH Holt, PHI 2001
  2. Entrepreneurial Development, Gupta et al, SCS 1997
  3. Entrepreneurship, Hisrich and Peters, Tata McGraw Hill 2000
  4. Small Business Management Fundamentals, S Steinhoff et al, McGraw Hill 1993
  5. Project Management for Business and Technology, JM Nicholas, PHI, 2002
  6. How to Prepare Your business Plan, UNCTD-Geneva, 2002
  7. Nepalese Acts: Industrial Enterprise act, Technology transfer act, IT policy, Tourism policy, Labor act 
  8. Other relevant publications from other various government and non-governmental organizations

 

MEPP430                    Finite Element Techniques                                                 3

 

Introduction - Variational Formulation

General field problems in Engineering - Modelling - Discrete and Continuous models - Characteristics - Difficulties involved in solution - The relevance and place of finite element method - Historical comments - Basic concept of FEM. Boundary and initial value problems - Gradient and divergence theorems - Functional - Variational calculus - Variational formulation of VBPS. The method of weighted residuals - The Ritz method.

Finite Element Analysis of One Dimensional Problem

One dimensional second order equations - discretisation of domain into elements - Generalised coordinates approach - derivation of elements equations - assembly of element equations - imposition of boundary conditions - solution of equations - Cholesky method - Post processing - Extension of the method to fourth order equations and their solutions - time dependant problems and their solutions - example from heat transfer, fluid flow and solid mechanics.

Finite Element Analysis of Two Dimensional Problems

Second order equations involving a scalar-valued function - model equation - Variational formulation – Finite element formulation through generalized coordinates approach - Triangular elements and quadrilateral elements - convergence criteria for chosen models - Interpolation functions - Elements matrices and vectors - Assembly of element matrices - boundary conditions - solution techniques.

Isoparametric Elements and Formulation

 Natural coordinates in 1,2 and 3 dimensions - use of area coordinates for triangular elements in - 2 dimensional problems - Isoparametric elements in 1,2 and 3 dimensions - Largrangean and serendipity elements - Formulation of element equations in one and two dimensions - Numerical integration.

 

 Text Book:

1. J.N.Reddy, " An Introduction to Finite Element Method ", McGraw Hill, Intl.

Student Edition, 1985.

References:

1. Rienkiewics, " The finite element method, Basic formulation and linear problems ",

Vol.1, 4/e, McGraw Hill, Book Co.

2. S.S.Rao, " The Finite Element Method in Engineering ", Pergaman Press, 1989.

3. C.S.Desai and J.F.Abel, " Introduction to the Finite Element Method ", Affiliated

East west Press, 1972.

  DETAILS COURSE  for Post-Graduate Program

DETAILED SYLLABUS   CORE SUBJECTS

 

MAPG 501 Advanced Probability and Statistics for Engineers            3

 

Theory of probability, Random variable, discrete random variable, Continuous random variable, Moments Standard distributions, two dimensional random variables and their functions, Central limit theorem

Estimation theory: Principles of least squares, regression correlation, and estimation of parameters, maximum likelihood and estimates, method of moments

Sampling distributions: Tests based on various distributions, Analysis of variance and classifications

Design of experiments, Randomized design, Randomized block design, Least Square design, Factorial design.

Data analysis and decision-making

 

References

  1. Fruend John, E. and Miller Irwin, Probability and Statistics for Engineers, Prentice Hall, 1981.
  2. John B. Kennedy and Adam M. Neville, Basic Statistical Methods for Engineers and Scientists, Harper and Row Publishers, NewYork, 1986.
  3. Montogmery, D.C., Design and Analysis of Experiments, John Wiley and Sons,1984.

 

MEPG 501                         Renewable Energy                             3

 

National and Global energy resources and consumption. Future requirements of Energy and the role of renewable sources of energy. Environmental and ecological impacts of the present and assumed future uses of energy.

Renewable Energy sources and Technologies. Solar Energy for thermal application for heating, cooking, drying, refrigeration and power generation. Photovoltaic application for rural power.

Wind Energy: Wind Mapping and selection of location, wind power generation systems, power plant design, operation, maintenance and economic.

Biomass- Agricultural waste and other sources. Energy through fermentation, pyrolysis, gasification and combustion. Aerobic and anaerobic bioconversion. Liquid fuels from organic wastes.

OTEC, Wave, Tidal and geothermal energy. Scopefsd, availability, system development, economics and limitations.

 

References:

1.      Banal N.K., Manfred Kleeman, Michael Meliss. Renewable Energy Sources of Conversion Technology. Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., 1990.

2.      Sukhatme, S. P., Solar Energy Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage. Tata Mc Graw Hill  Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi 1991

3.      Twidell, J. W. and Weir, A. D., Renewable Energy Resources, ELBS, 1986.

4.      Sorenson B., Renewable Energy, Academic Press. 1989. 

 

 

 

 

MEPG 502                        Engineering Design                         3

 

The Design Process- the morphology of Design- Design Drawings- Computer Aided Engineering. Designing to Standards- Concurrent Engineering- Life Cycle Analysis. Technological Forecasting- Market Identification, Competition Bench Marking- Systems Engineering- Human factors in design.

Design Methods: Creativity and problem solving. Design Specifications- Conceptual design- Decision Theory- Decision Trees- Embodiment design- Detail design- Mathematical Modelling- Simulation, Geometric Modelling- Finite Element Modelling. Optimisation- search method- Geometric programming, Structural and shape optimisation.

Material selection process: Economics- Cost vs. performance- weighted property index- value analysis, Role of processing in design classifications. Design for various applications.

Economics: time value of money; cost comparison, Probability- Sensitivity and Break-even analysis. Benefit/ Cost analysis- Life Cycle Cost analysis- Planning and Scheduling.

Quality: Total Quality Concept- Quality assurance. Design communications- Recording of Results. Technical script writing- visual aids and graphics. Design as a part of group activity.

Case studies including a team project.

 

References:

1.      Ray, M. S., Elements of Engineering Design, Prentice Hall Inc., 1985

2.      Dieter, George E., Engineering Design - A material and processing approach, Mc Graw Hill International Editions, Mech EMS Series, 1991.

3.      Pahl and Beitz, W., Engineering Design, Springa- verlag, New York 1984.

4.      Suh, N.P., The Principle of Design, Oxford University Press, New York, 1990.

 

MPEG 503                         Hydropower Engineering                    3

 

History and development of water power in Nepal and world. Future scopes- High, Medium and low head scheme, run off river plants, pumped storage schemes. Environmental impacts.

Hydropower Machinery- theory and design of various turbines, turbine governing, Efficiency and performance diagrams- selection of turbines. Modernization and refurbishing of turbines.

Planning and construction: principal of overall design-site selection, design and construction of dams, intake structures, discharge control, surge shafts- draft tube and gate equipment.

Economics: Basic factors in economic analysis cost of hydroelectric power.

# Operation and Management: load predictions, operation, evaluation and maintenance of the systems.

 

References:

  1. Nigam, P.S., Handbook of hydro engineering. Nem Chand and sons. Roorkee 1999.
  2. Tyler G Hics, Power plant evaluation and design. 1988.

 

 

 

RSPG601              Seminar and Communication Skills                                 2

 

In this course student’s have to conduct at least 3 seminars/ Presentations followed by reports of the Presentations.

 

 

  RSPG 602             Project Proposal Preparation                           4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Detailed Syllabus

Common Elective Subjects

 
 
MAPG 502                        Numerical Methods                         3

 

Solutions of simultaneous linear equations- Gauss Elimination method, Jacobi and Gauss Seidel Iteration Methods.

Difference table, Newton forward and backward interpolation - Lagrangian interpolation-differentiation formulae, Trapezoidal & Simpson rules, Gaussian Quadrature

Ordinary differential equations, Taylor series and Euler Methods, Predictor-Corrector Methods, Milne and Adam Bashforth Methods.

Solution of Laplace’s and Poisson equations and rectangular region by Liebmann’s method, Diffusion equation by the explicit and Crank-Nicholson implicit methods, Stability and convergence criterion, Solution of heat equation by finite difference, Applications to Heat transfer and Fluid flow problems.

 

References

  1. Jain, M.K., Iyengar, S.R.K, and Jain, R. K., Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computations, Wiley Eastern Ltd. 1985.
  2. Grewal B.S., Numerical Methods in Engineering and Science, Khanna Publishers, 1994.
  3. Gerald and Wheatley, Applied Numerical Analysis, Addison, Wisely, 1994

 

COPG 511 Analysis and Design of Software Systems

 

Software Engineering Definitions- size factor- quality and productivity factors. Life cycle  model-     Fourth generation techniques- quality and productivity factors- managerial issues- planning a software project- software estimation- software project scheduling- Software Re-engineering. Structural analysis- Data flow diagrams, hierarchy charts, entity- relationship data diagrams, procedure specifications. Object Oriented analysis techniques- CRC cards, UML diagrams, scenario analysis. Evaluation of completed system. Analysis for completeness, correctness, information Software quality assurance, software reliability software testing- standards- unit testing and debugging and system testing. Case study for levelling of data flow diagrams, module cohesion, control structure and function point estimation

 

References:

1.      Roger Pressman S., Software Engineering A practitioner’s approach, Mc Graw Hill, 1992.

2.      Richard Fairlay, Software Engineering Concepts, Mc Graw Hill, 1985.

3.      Carlo Ghizz, Mehdi Jazayari, Dino Mandrioli, Fundamentals of Software Engineering, Prentice Hall of India, 1991.

 

 

 

 

 

COPG 512                               Computer Graphics              3

 

Graphic Systems: Interactive input devices, Display processors, Graphic Adapters, Scan Conversion.

Graphic Transformations: Two dimensional geometric, co ordinate and composite transformations, two dimensional viewing transformation- Geometric co ordinate, composite transformations, mathematics of projection.

Geometric forms and models: Wire frame curved surface and curve design, transforming curves and surfaces, hidden surfaces rendering and shading.

Graphic software. MS DOS and UNIX support for GUI, Graphic Kernel System, Application program interfaces.

 

Graphics Algorithms, reflection, shear, windowing concepts, clipping algorithms, window to view port transformation, segment concept files, attributes and multi workstation and interactive picture construction techniques- Examples.

 

References:

1.      Roy, A Plastok and Kalley, G, Theory and Problem of Computer graphics. Mc Graw Hill 1986.

2.      Hearn, D and Bakes P, Computer Graphics. Prentice Hall, 1990.

3.      Endesle, G; Kaussy, K and Pffaft, G., Computer Graphics Programming. GKS – The graphics Standard, Narosa Publishing House, 1990.

 

MEPG 510                        Economics for Engineers                        3

 

The role of economics for engineers. The tasks of economics, methodology of economics. Demand analysis- Utility, preferences and rational choice. Law of demand, elasticity of demand. Market demand, Estimation, theory of consumer behaviour, indifference curve approach. Income and substitution effects.

Product and cost: Production function- the law of diminishing returns. Cost function. Economics and dis-economics of scale. Estimation of costs. The mechanics of income determination.

Market structure: Perfectly competitive market, Industry equilibrium, profit maximizing. Output of the competitive firm. Short and long equilibrium. Monopoly profit. Economic efficiency. Regulation of monopoly. Monopolistic competition. Product differentiation. Oligopoly, strategic behaviour, price rigidity.

Input markets: Factor pricing- imperfect competition in input markets. Theory of income distribution. Elements of welfare economics.

National income and product: Concept- Measurement of national income, sectoral distribution and economic growth. Consumption, saving and investment. Multiplier, Analysis- government expenditure and foreign trade. Fiscal and monetary policy.

 

References:

1.      Blair, Roger D. and Kenny, Lawrence W. Micro economics with business applications, John Weiley and Sons, New York 1987.

2.      Hinshelfier, Jack. Price- theory and Applications. Prentice Hall India Pvt Ltd. New Delhi, 5th Edition 1992.

3.      Salvatore, Dominick. Theory and Problems of Microeconomic theory. Scahum’s outline series, Mc Graw Hill Book Co. 1983.

 

 

 

MEPG 511                  System Safety And Reliability                        3

 

Concept of system safety, concept of reliability, Time to failure distribution, Estimation of parameter, reliability functions, component life, Bathtub curve, mean time between failures (MTBF), mean time to failure.

System reliability models, series systems, parallel systems, Conditional probability, Applications of Bayes theorem, software/hardware interaction.

Failure and reliability, fault tolerance, principle redundancy, roll back and recovery strategies and N version programming, failure models, failure models and criticality analysis (FMEG).

 

Definition of risk, measurement of risk, analysis technique, risk reduction resources, fault tree analysis, Reliability block diagram, Markov analysis.

Hazard analysis and operability studies, data structure and the validation of fault tolerant software studies.

 

References:

1.      Gunth, D. J. “Reliability and  Maintainability in Perspective”, Mcmillan Ltd. London, 1985.

2.      Benley, E. J., “Reliability and risk assessment, Prentice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersy, 1981.

3.      Kececiogio, D., “Reliability Engineering Hand Book”, Prentice Hall, 1991.

 

MEPG 512   Environmental and Social Impacts of Engineering System    3

 

Increasing importance of technology in the functionality of the nation and Global Economy, Government, Society and Industry.

Potential impacts of these systems upon personal privacy and autonomy in relation to the public policy and the social impacts of computers and engineering technology

Role and opportunity for technical professionals in the developing nations.

Environmental Impact Assessment and Ethics of Hydropower- Large and Micro Industries- Automobile in relation to eco-balance, Pollution and Earthquakes.

 

MEPG 513       Design and Development  (Energy and Transport)      3

 

History of development in various regions of Nepal. Current energy demand and generation. Future prediction, hydropower availability. Global assistance availability through Carbon tax, Potential of hydropower development and economics. Ecological problems and social acceptance.

Transportation in Nepal. Current demand and future requirements. Pollution by vehicles. Alternative fuels and power sources. Expansion of electric transportation.

Rural Transportation, special purpose vehicles for rural transportation. Animal and human energy. Biomass fuels for rural transportation. Future demand and solutions.

Scope of telecommunication and satellite communication in Nepal.

 

 

 

 

 

MEPG 514                         Project Management                        3

 

Nature and scope, Objective and purpose, Planning, Impact of technology, Data Processing, Quality Standards, Interaction with people, government. Management Techniques: Measurement and assessment methods.

Type of project: New project, Turn key repetitive, or research and development projects: Characteristics of the above projects in terms of planning, resource management, activity scheduling, proper control and sub control.

Tools for project planning and control, CPM/PERT for resource levelling, resource scheduling, project crashing. Multi-Project scheduling- Effect of uncertainty, computer algorithm applied to project management.

PERT for project cost and financial accounting, cost benefit analysis, managerial styles and improving skills in motivating, innovating and organizing.

Application of GERT- Decision Trees, Bayesian Approach, Case Studies.

 

References:

  1. Weist, J. D., Levy, F.K., “A Management Guide to PERT/CPM”. Prentice Hall, 1981.
  2. Pritscar, “Introduction to GERT”. Prentice Hall, 1981.
  3. Harrison, F. W., “Advance Project for Management. Gower, 1985.

 

MEPG 515       Automation and Maintenance Management                  3

 

Introduction to automated controls for power plants, process industry. Computer controlled machines and assembly lines. FMS components, Robots- Reliability and failure of such systems- and maintenance. Maintenance objective and functions- costs and budgets. Failure analysis- survival curves, useful life. Maintenance time distribution- stand by systems. Availability of repairable systems- maintainability prediction- Design for maintainability. Maintenance models: Maintenance policies- perfect and imperfect preventive maintenance (PM). Balancing PM and breakdown maintenance. PM schedule for large-scale systems. Repair alternative, opportunistic maintenance, replacement models- life cycle costing. Logistic support: Maintenance staffing method. Human factors in maintenance- incentives. UMS- maintenance manuals. Spare parts management, order point, SOS spares. Simulation for spares planning- Cost benefit analysis. Maintenance planning, priority rules, FMEA, VEIN analysis. Recent techniques- Total productivity maintenance, maximizing equipment effectiveness. TPM implementation, condition monitoring. WDM, SPM vibration monitoring, signature analysis- Diagnostic preventive maintenance. JIT maintenance- Expert systems.

 

References:

1.      Hartmann, Edward, Maintenance Management Productivity and Quality. Quality publishing Private ltd. Madras 1995.

2.      Patrick, D. T., O’Connor, Practical Reliability Engineering. John Weiley and Sons, 1985.

3.      Nakazima, Seiichi, Introduction Total Productive Maintenance. Productivity Press India Ltd. 1993.

 

 

 

 

MEPG 516            Design Of Pumps and Turbines               3

 

Basic concept of fluids. Fluid flow basic equations. Dimensional analysis. Homologous units- Specific speed, elementary of cascade theory. Theory of turbo machines. Euler’s equation, hydraulic efficiency velocity triangles for radial and axial flow machines. Performance curves for pumps and turbines. Reciprocating pumps- air vessels- Rotary pumps. Classification – working- performance. Dimensioning and structural design of pumps and turbines. Testing- conventional and non-destructive testing. Commissioning, operation, and maintenance, lifetime and safety analysis. Failure analysis- Cavitations and erosion wear, vibration and resonance. Specification and standardization practice of design.

 

 

 

References:

1.      Bansal, R.K., Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines. Lakshmi Publication (P) ltd. New Delhi.1995

2.      Roberson, J.A., Crowe, C.T. Engineering Fluid Mechanics. M/S Jaico Publishing Co. 1999.

 

 

MEPG 517             Automatic Control of Hydro turbo Machines     3

 

Power Plant layout, Hydraulic Machinery, Governing Mechanism and control and protection systems for hydraulic machinery, Speed frequency and load regulation of multi machinery systems of hydropower plants. Frequency control (P, PI, and PID) using analogue electronic, hydraulic and digital components.

Pressure control of pump systems. Damping of pressure oscillation, influence of pumps or turbine on governing system.

Total analysis of systems with hydraulic machines and conduits. Damping analysis of surge shafts and accumulators.

Electric grid influence on the control of hydro turbo machine.

 

References:

1.      Allen J Wood and Bruce F Woolenberg, Power generation operation and control. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore1984

2.      Murthy P.S.R., Power System operation and control. Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co Ltd. New Delhi 1984.

 

 

MEPG 518             Environment Pollution and Control           3

 

Introduction to clean environment. Effects of pollution on environment, Man and global warming. Green house effect. Type of pollution- air, water and soil pollution.

Air pollutant formation- Formation of oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon, carbon dioxide, aldehydes, smoke and particulate emission- their effects on environment.

Pollution measurement- NDIR gas analyser, gas chromatography, chemi-luminiscent analyser, FID, smoke measurement and noise measurement.

Automotive pollution and control by design, fuel modification, in cylinder control and catalytic converter. Noise emission and control.

Pollution from thermal power plants and nuclear plants and their control. Water and soil pollution from tanneries, textiles, chemical and other industries and their treatment and control.

Atmospheric pollution and measurement. National and international standards and implementation.

 

References:

1.      Okken, P.A., Swart, R.J. and Zwernes, S., Climate and energy. 1989.

2.      Schwoegler, Bruce and Mc Clinton, Michael, Weather and Energy. Mc Graw Hill Book Co. 1981.

3.      Ernest, S. Starkman, Combustion Generated Air Pollutions. Plenum Press, 1980.

4.      Chigiu, N. A., Energy, Combustion and Environment. Mc Graw Hill. 1981

5.      Rom, W.N. et. al. Health Implications of New Energy Technologies. Ann Arbor Science. 1980.

 

MEPG 519                         Finite Element Analysis               3

Basic concept of FEM- Relevance and scope- Integral formulation and variation methods.

Finite element analysis of I-D problems. Second order boundary value problems formulation. Basics of finite element analysis- Application in heat transfer, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics. Fourth order equation problems. Bending of beams.

Isoparametric Formulation: Natural co-ordinates isoparametric formulation, isoparametric formulation, and Numerical integration. Illustrative examples.

Finite element analysis of 2-D problems: Basic boundary value problems in two dimensions, Poisson and Laplace Equation. Weak formulation. Element Matrices and vectors using isoparametric formulation. Application to heat transfer, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics problems.

Solution to plane elasticity problem. Introduction to elastic equation- plane stress formulation, plane strain formulation- Axi symmetric formulation. Examples.

 

References:

1.      Reddy, J. N., An Introduction to the Finite Element Methods. Mc Graw Hill International Edition, 1993.

2.      Rao, S.S., Finite Element Methods in Engineering. Pregamon Press, 1989.

3.      Seagerlind, L. J., Applied Finite Element Analysis. John Weiley and Sons. 1984.

 

 

 

MPEG 520      Power Generation, Transmission and Utilization         3

 

Power generation: Steam power plants- selection of sites- layout. Cole and ash handling. Cooling of steam turbines- governing.

Hydropower plants- selection, classification, layout, governing.

Nuclear power plants- selection, control and waste disposal.

Gas turbine power plants- operation and maintenance

Non-conventional power generation: wind power generation- characteristics of wind power, Design of windmills. Micro hydropower generation, daily load curves- size of the power plant, cost of electric energy, tariff fixation, power factor improvement.

Electric power transmission: on line diagram of transmission, sub transmission and distribution systems, comparison of systems – DC and AC, EHVAC HVDC, transmission; layout of sub stations and bus bar arrangements; equivalent circuits of short medium and large line, transmission efficiency, regulations, Reactive power- compensation transmission loss minimization.

Utilization of electrical energy. Selection of electrical drives, Electrical characteristics and mechanical considerations. Size rating and cost. Illumination- polar curves, incandescent, fluorescent and vapor lamps, CFLs. Design of lighting scheme for industry: Electric Heating and Cooling. Electric arc Furnace. Induction heating, welding. Energy Efficiency of electrical appliances and drives.

References

1.      Wadhwa, C.L. Generation Distribution And Utilization of Electrical Energy. Wiley Eastern ltd. India, 1989.

2.      Venicov, V.A. and Put Yatin B.V., Introduction to Energy, Technology, Electrical Power Engineering. Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1984.

3.      Twidell J.W. and Weir A.D. Renewable Energy Sources, ELBS Edition. 1986.

 

MEPG 521                                    Fluid Power systems         3

 

Basics of fluid power systems. Hydraulic power generators, Selection and specification of pumps, pumps characteristics.

Hydraulic Actuators. Linear and rotary actuators. Selection, specification and characteristics.

Control and regulation element. Pressure, direction and flow control valves, relief valves, non-return and safety valves. Actuation system.

Hydraulic Circuits: Reciprocation, quick return, sequencing, synchronizing circuits. Accumulator circuits, Industrial Circuits, Press circuits, hydraulic milling machine, grinding, planning, copying, forklift, earthmover circuit, safety and emergency module.

Pneumatic systems and circuit: Pneumatic fundamentals, control elements, Piston and pressure sensing, logic circuits, switching circuits, fringe condition modules and their integration, sequential circuit, cascade methods, mapping methods, step counter method, compound circuit design, combination circuit design.

Installation, maintenance of pneumatic equipment, selection of components, design calculations, application, fault finding, hydro pneumatic circuits, use of microprocessor for sequencing, PLC, low cost automation, Robotic circuits.

 

References:

1.      Pease, D.A., Basic Fluid Power, Prentice Hall. 1987.

2.      Rohner, P., Fluid Power Logic Circuit Design. The Macmillan Press Ltd. 1999.

3.      Ernest W., Oil Hydraulic Power and Industrial Application. Mc Graw Hill Book Co1962

4.      Blackbarn J.F. et al, Fluid Power Control. 1964.

 

 

MEPG 524            Total Quality Management (Newly included)

The course intends to equip students with modern approaches, tools and techniques of company wide quality management system which help in improving quality, productivity and competitiveness in organization.

 

1.          Introduction to Modern Quality Concepts

Quality control, assurance and management; Total Quality Management [TQM]: Evolution of TQM; Quality Gurus Demming, Juran, Crosby, Taguchi, Ishikawa; Kondo; Kano, Shiba ISO9000 and TQM; Cost of Quality; Quality and Productivity [Ishikawa,Jerry]

 

2.          Statistical Quality Control and Quality Assurance

100% and sampling inspection; Sampling erros;  Operating Characteristic (OC) curve; Average Outgoing Quality (AOQ); Types of sampling, inspection; Quality level. [Ishikawa, Juran]

 

3.            Organization and Management for TQM in Organization

Management by Quality; PDCA Cycle; Quality Audit and quality losses; Organization for TQM- policy management, Cross functional management, Routine management, Small group or Quality Control circle (QC) education and training. [Kondo, Kume]

 

4.       The QC Problem Solving Approach

Problem; Judgment by facts; QC problem solving approach; QC viewpoint; Thinking Process; Brainstoriming in a group; Systemantic problem solving. [Hosotani]

 

5.       Basic Statistical Tools for QC

Checksheet; Graph and chart; Pareto diagram; Cause and effect diagram; Control chart; Scatter diagram and regression analysis. [Ishikawa, Kume]

 

6.          Management Tools for QC

Affinity diagram; Relations diagram; Tree diagram; Matrix diagram; Matrix data analysis; Arrow diagram; Process decision program chart. [Nayatami]

 

7.       Other Supplementary Tools for QC

Industrial engineering; Value engineering; Ergonomics; Operations research. [Prokopenko]

 Reference:

  1. Companywide Quality Control, Yosho Kondo, 3 A Corporation, Tokyo, 1995
  2. Introduction to Quality Control, Kauro Ishikawa, 3 A Corporation, Tokya, 1991
  3. Management by Quality, Hitoshi Kume, 3 A corporation, Tokyo, 1995
  4. Planning for DF Quality, J.M. Juran, The Free Press, 1988
  5. Principles of Quality, Control, Jerry Banks, John Wieley and  Sons, 1989
  6. Productivity and Quality Management: Part I, edited by Josheph Propkopenko and Klaus North, ILO/APO, 1996
  7. Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement, Hitoshi Kume, 3 A Corporation, Tokyo, 1995
  8. The QC Problem Solving Approach, Katsuya Hasotami, 3 A Corporation, Tokyo, 1992.
  9. The Seven New QC Tools: Practical Applications for Managers, Yoshinobu Nayatami, Toruy Eiga, Ryoji Futami, and Hiroyuki MIyagawa, 3 A Corporation, Tokyo, 1994
  10. Total Quality Control, Armand V. Feigenbaum, McGraw Hill, Neq York, 1983
  11. Total Quality Management, Stephen George and Arnold Weimerskirch, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York, 1994
  12. Total Quality Management: Text, Cases and Readings, Joel E. Ross, St. Lucie Press, Florida 1993

 

 

 

Detailed syllabus

Elective Subjects for Engineering Design Specialization

 

MEPG 530                         Advanced Material Science          3

 

Mechanical Behaviour- Elastic, Inelastic, visco elastic, behaviour. Role of dislocation on plastic deformation- strengthening mechanisms. Theory of fracture, fracture mechanism map. Stress intensity factor and fracture toughness.

Failure analysis: Failure due to fatigue, wear fretting, corrosion, and Stress corrosion. Hydrogen embrittlement. High temperature deformation, creep, recovery, recrystallization, grain growth and fracture. Surface energy and tribology. Failure in forging, casting and weldment, mechanical component and assemblies. Examination and prevention of failure.

Selection of materials: selection for mechanical properties- high strength, stiffness and toughness. Selection for fatigue, creep wear, corrosion resistance. High temperature and cryogenic applications. Case studies in material selection, with reference to auto, aero, machinery, nuclear and cryogenic applications. Machinability, formability, weldability and castability of various, metal and alloys- material testing and destructive testing.

Treatment of materials: Special diffusion process. Aluminising, Siliconizing, Boridizing. Laser hardening, electroplating. Hot dip coating- cladding, physical and chemical vapour deposition- metal spraying. Plastic and rubber coating. Coating of tools. Selection of coating for wear and corrosion resistance.

Advanced Materials: Resins, polymers, fibre reinforced composites and ceramic matrix composites, their properties, processing and applications. Shape memory materials. Intermetallics, Nickel and Titanium Aluminides.

 

References:

1.      Crane, SAA, and Charles, JA. Selection and Use of Engineering Materials, Butter worth, London 1984.

2.      Metals Handbook, Vol I, II, and III, 10th Edition ASM, Ohio, 1989.

3.      Leislie, The Physical Metallurgy of Metals. Mc Graw Hill 1981.

4.      Budenski, Kenneth G, Surface Engineering for Wear Resistance. Prentice Hall 1988.

5.      Zakharov, Heat Treatment of Metals. Peace Publishers 1962.

6.      Gabe, DR, Principle of Metal Surface Treatment and Practices. Pergmon 1998.

7.      Dietor, George E, Mechanical Metallurgy. Mc Graw Hill, 1987.

8.      Raghavan, V., Material Science and Engineering. Prentice Hall of India Pvt ltd. 1999.

9.      Armugam, M. Materials Science, Anuradha Publishers. 1997.

 

MEPG 531      Advance Mechanism Design                         3

 

INTRODUCTION: Review of fundamentals of kinematics--Mobility analysis --Formation of one D.O.F. multiloop kinematics chains, Network formula - Gross motion concepts.

KINEMATIC ANALYSIS: Position analysis -Vectorloop equations for four bars, slider crank, inverted slider crank - Geared five bars and six bar linkages. Analytical method for velocity and acceleration analysis - Four bar linkage jerk analysis - Plane complex mechanism

PATH CURVATURE THEORY: Fixed and Moving centrodes, inflection points and inflection circle. Euler Savary equation, Graphical constructions - Cubic of stationary curvature.

SYNTHESIS OF MECHANISMS: Type synthesis - Number synthesis - Associated linkage concept. Dimensional synthesis - Function generation, path generation, motion generation. Graphical methods. Cognate linkage - Coupler curve synthesis, design of six bar mechanisms. Algebraic methods. Application of instant centre in linkage design. Cam mechanism - Determination of optimum size of Cams.

DYNAMIC OF MECHANISMS: Static force analysis with friction - Inertia force analysis - combined static and inertia force analysis.shaking force, Kinetostactic analysis. Introduction to force and moment balancing of linkages.

SPATIAL MECHANISM AND ROBOTICS: Kinematic analysis of spatial RSSR mechanism - Denavit - Hartenberg parameters. Forward and inverse Kinematics of robotic manipulators

 

References:

1. Sandor G.N. and Erdman A.G., "Advanced Mechanism Design Analysis and Synthesis", Prentice Hall, 1984.

2. Shigley, J.E., and Uicker, J.J., "Theory of Machines and Mechanisms", McGraw Hill, 1995.

3. Amitabha Ghosh and Ashok Kumar Mallik, "Theory of Mechanism and Machines", EWLP, Delhi, 1999.

4. Nortron R.L., "Design of Machinery", McGraw Hill, 1999.

5. Kenneth J. Waldron, Gary L. Kinzel, "Kinematics, Dynamics and Design of Machinery", John Wiley-sons, 1999.

 

Web References:

1. http://www.machinedesign.com

 

 

 

MEPG 532      Computer Application in Design                              3

 

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER GRAPHICS FUNDAMENTALS: Output primitives (points, lines, curves Etc.,), 2-D transformation (Translation, scaling, rotators) windowing, view ports clipping transformation.

INTRODUCTION TO CAD SOFTWARE: Writing interactive programs to solve design problems and production of drawings, using any languages like Auto LISP/C/FORTRAN etc. , creation of surfaces, solids etc., using solid modeling pack (prismatic and revolved parts).

VISUAL REALISM : Hidden - Line - Surface - solid removal algorithms shading - coloring. Introduction to parametric and variational geometry based on softwares and their principles creation of prismatic and lofted parts using these packages.

ASSEMBLY OF PARTS: Assembly of parts, tolerance analysis mass property calculations, mechanism simulation.

SOLID MODELING: Solid modeling - Rapid prototyping - Data exchange - Documentation - Customizing - solid modeling system.

 

References:

1. William .M. Neumann and Robert .F. Sproul " Principle of Computer Graphics ",

McGraw Hill Book Co. Singapore ,1989.

2. Donald Hearn and .M. Pauline Baker " Computer Graphics " Prentice Hall ,Inc., 1992.

3. Mikell .P. Grooves and Emory .W. Zimmers Jr. " CAD/CAM Computer -- Aided Design and Manafacturing" Prentice Hall ,Inc., 1995.

4. Ibrahim Zeid " CAD/CAM -- Thoery and Practice " - McGraw

 

 

MEPG 533      Optimization Techniques                                      3

 

INTRODUCTION: General characteristics of mechanical elements, adequate and optimum design, principles of optimization, Formulation of objective function, design constraints-classification of optimization problem

OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES: Single variable and multivariable optimization, Techniques of un constrained minimization Golden section, Random pattern and gradient search methods - interpolation methods; Optimization with Equality and Inequality constraints-Direct methods-Indirect methods using penalty functions, Lagranges multipliers, Geometric Programming and Stochastic Programming; Multi objective optimization, Genetic algorithms and Simulated Annealing techniques

ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS: Structural applications-Design of simple truss members, Design applications-Design of simple axial, Transverse loaded members for minimum cost, maximum weight-Design of shafts and Torsionally loaded members-Design of Springs, Dynamic applications-Optimum design of single, two degree of freedom systems, Vibration absorbers. Application in Mechanisms-Optimum design of Simple linkage mechanisms

 

References:

1. Johnson Ray,C., "Optimum Design of mechanical elements", Wiley,John & Sons,1990.

2. Goldberg,D.E.., "Genetic algorithms ion search,Optimization and machine",Barnen,Addison-Wesley,New

York,1989

3. Kalyanamoy Deb,"Optimization for Engineering Design allgorithms and Examples".,Prentice Hall of IndiaPvt., 1995

 

 

MEPG 534      Design for Manufacture                                          3

 

INTRODUCTION: General design principles for manufacturability - strength and mechanical factors, mechanisms selection, evaluation method, Process capability - Feature tolerances - Geometric tolerances - Assembly limits – Datum features - Tolerance stacks.

FACTORS INFLUENCING FORM DESIGN: Working principle, Material, Manufacture, Design - Possible solutions - Materials choice - Influence of materials on from design - from design of welded members, forgings and castings.

COMPONENT DESIGN-MACHINING CONSIDERATION: Design features to facilitate machining - drills - milling cutters - keyways - Doweling procedures, counter sunk screws - Reduction of machined area - simplification by separation - simplification by amalgamation - Design for machinability - Design for economy - Design for clampability - Design for accessibility - Design for assembly.

COMPONENT DESIGN - CASTING CONSIDERATIONS : Redesign of castings based on parting line considerations - Minimising core requirements, machined holes, redesign of cast members to obviate cores.

REDESIGN FOR MANUFACTURE AND CASE STUDIES :Identification of uneconomical design - Modifying the design - group technology - Computer Applications for DFMA

 

References:

1. Harry Peck, "Design for Manufacture", Pittman Publication, 1983.

2. Robert Matousek, "Engineering Design - A systematic approach", Blackie & sons Ltd., 1963.

3. James G. Bralla, "Hand Book of Product Design for Manufacturing", McGraw Hill Co., 1986.

4. Swift K.G., "Knowledge based design for manufacture, Kogan Page Ltd., 1987.

 

 

MEPG 535            Fracture Mechanics                            3

 

ELEMENTS OF SOLID MECHANICS: The geometry of stress and strain, elastic deformmation, plastic and elastoplastic defromation-limit analysis

STATIONARYU CRACK UNDER STATIC LOADING: Two dimensional elastic fields-Analytical solutions Yielding near a crack front-Irwin’s approximation-plastic Zone size-Dugdaale model-J integral and its relation to crack opening displacement

ENERGY BALANCE AND CRACK GROWTH: Griffth analysis-Linear Fracture Mechanics-Crack opening displacement-Dynamic energy balance-crack arrest

FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH CURVE: Empirical relation describing crack growth by Ftaigue-Life calculations for a givenm load amplitude-effects of changing the load spectrum-Effects of Enviroment

ELEMENTS OF APPLIED FRACTURE MECHANICS: Examples of crack-growth Analysis for cyclic loading-leak before break- crack initiation under large scale yielding-Thickness as a Design parameter-crack instability in Thermal or Residual-stress fields

 

References:

1. David Broek, "Elementary Engineering Fracturwe Mechanics ", Fifthoff and Noerdhoff International Publisher,1978

2. Kare Hellan, "Introduction to Fracture Mechanics", Mc Graw Hill Book Company,1985.

3. Preshant Kumar,"Elements of Fracture Mechanics", Wheeler Publishing,1999

 

Web References:

1. http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enfracmech

 

 

 

MEPG 536      Design of Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems        3

 

OIL HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS: Hydraulic Power Generators - Selection and specification of pumps, pump characteristics.

HYDRAULIC ACTUATORS: Linear and Rotary Actuators - selection, specification and characteristics.

CONTROL AND REGULATION ELEMENTS: Pressure - direction and flow control valves - relief valves, non-return and safety valves - actuation systems.

HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS: Reciprocation, quick return, sequencing, synchronising circuits - accumulator circuits - industrial circuits – press circuits - hydraulic milling machine - grinding, planning, copying, forklift, earthmover circuits - design and selection of components - safety and emergency mandrels.

PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS AND CIRCUITS: Pneumatic fundamentals - control elements, position and pressure sensing -logic circuits - switching circuits - fringe conditions modules and these integration - sequential circuits - cascade methods - mapping methods – step counter method - compound circuit design - combination circuit design.

 

INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE AND SPECIAL CIRCUITS: Pneumatic equipments - selection of components - design calculations -application - fault finding – hydro pneumatic circuits - use of microprocessors for sequencing - PLC, Low cost automation - Robotic circuits.

 

References:

1. Antony Espossito, " Fluid power with Applications ", Prentice Hall, 1980.

2. Dudleyt, A.Pease and John J.Pippenger, " Basic Fluid Power ", Prentice Hall, 1987.

3. Andrew Parr, " Hydraulic and Pneumatics ", (HB), Jaico Publishing House, 1999.

4. Bolton. W. " Pneumatic and Hydraulic Systems ", Butterworth - Heineman, 1997.

 

Web References:

1. www.pneumatics.com

2. www.fluidpower.com.tw

 

 

  MEPG 537      Design of Pressure vessel and Piping                   3

 

INTRODUCTION: Methods for determining stresses-Terminology and Ligament Efficiency-Applications

STRESSES IN PRESSURE VESSELS: Introduction-Stresses in a Circular ring, cylinder-Membrane stress Analysis of Vessel Shell copmponents- Cylindrical shells, torspherical Heads, conical heads-Thermal Stresses - Discontinuity stresses in pressure vessels

DESIGN OF VESSELS: Design of tall cylindrical self-supporting process columns-supports for short vertical vessels-Stress concentration - at a variable thickness transition section in a cylindrical vessel, about a circular hole, elliptical openings. Theory of Reinforcement-pressure vessels

BUCKLING AND FRACTURE ANALYSIS IN VESSELS: Buckling phenomenon-Elastic Buckling of circular ring and cylinders under external pressure-Collapse of thick walled cylinders or tubes under external pressure-Effect of supports on elastic Buckling of cylinders Buckling under combined External pressure and axial loading

PIPING: Introduction-Flow Diagram-piping Lay put and piping stress analysis

 

References:

  1. John F. Harvey, Theoy and Design of pressure vessels,CBS Distributors,1987
  2. Henry H. Bedner, "Pressure vessels,Design Hand Book,CBS Publishers and Distributors,1987. Stanley,M. Wales,"Chemical process equipment,Selection and design.Butterworths series in Chemical Engineering,1988
  3. William.j.,Bees,"Approximate methods in the Design and Analysis of pressure vessels and piping",
  4. ASME Pressure vessels and piping conference, 1997

 

 

MEPG 539      Advanced Tool Design                                    3

 

INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Metal Cutting Machine tools, Kinematics, Basic Principles of Machine tool design, estimation of drive power.

DESIGN OF MACHINE TOOLS, SPINDLES, FRAMES, SLIDEWAYS: Design of Machine tool spindle and bearings, Design of power Screws - Static deformation of various machine tool structures - thin walled box structures with open and compliant cross sections - correction coefficients - design of beds, columns, tables and supports.

Dynamics of cutting forces - tool chatter - design of slideways.

Concepts of aesthetics and ergonomics applied to machine tools, latest trends in Machine Tool Design, Introduction to CAD techniques

DESIGN OF DRIVES AND CONTROL MECHANISMS: Design considerations of electrical, mechanical and Hydraulic drives in machine tool, stepped and stepless arrangements and systems.

Design of control mechanisms - selection of standard components - Dynamic measurement of forces and vibrations in machine tools - Stability against chatter - use of vibration dampers.

TESTING AND STANDARDISATION: Acceptance tests and standardisation of machine tools - machine tools reconditioning.

 

References:

1. Mehta,N.K.,"Machine Tool design",Tata McGraw Hill, 1989

2. Koenisberger,F., "Design Principles of Metal cutting Machine Tools",Pergamon Press, 1964.

3. Acherkan,N.,"Machine Tool Design",Vol.3&4,MIR Publishers,Moscow, 1968

4. Sen.G. and Bhattacharya,A.,"Principles of Machine Tools",Vol.2,NCB.Calcutta, 1973

 

MEPG 540            Value Engineering                                                               3

 

Introductory concepts in value and costs.  Value analysis. Value engineering and value assurance. Product lifecycle and value-oriented efforts.  Value engineering job plan. Value tests. Techniques of value engineering. Value  analysis and decision theory. Design tree and decision matrix.  Purchase price analysis. Evaluation of value alternatives. FAST diagramming. Function-cost matrix, matrix evaluation. Brain storming and creativity. Elements of product cost and cost classification. Investment criteria in value analysis. Case studies in value engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MEPG 541      Concurrent Engineering                                      3

 

INTRODUCTION: Extensive definition of CE - CE design methodologies - Organizing for CE - CE tool box collaborative product development

USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: IT supports - Solid modeling - Product data management - Collaborative product commerce - Artificial Intelligence - Expert systems - Software hardware co-design.

DESIGN STAGE: Life-cycle design of products - opportunity for manufacturing enterprises - modality of Concurrent Engineering Design - Automated analysis idealization control - Concurrent engineering in optimal structural design - Real time constraints.

MANUFACTURING CONCEPTS AND ANALYSIS: Manufacturing competitiveness - Checking the design process - conceptual design mechanism – Qualitative physical approach - An intelligent design for manufacturing system - JIT system - low inventory - modular - Modeling and reasoning for computer based assembly planning - Design of Automated manufacturing.

PROJECT MANAGEMENT: Life Cycle semi realization - design for economics - evaluation of design for manufacturing cost – concurrent mechanical design - decomposition in concurrent design - negotiation in concurrent engineering design studies - product realization taxonomy - plan for Project Management on new product development – bottleneck technology development.

 

References:

1. Anderson MM and Hein, L. Berlin, "Integrated Product Development", Springer Verlog, 1987.

2. Cleetus, J, "Design for Concurrent Engineering", Concurrent Engg. Research Centre, Morgantown, WV, 1992.

3. Andrew Kusaik, "Concurrent Engineering: Automation Tools and Technology", Wiley, John and Sons Inc., 1992.

4. Prasad, "Concurrent Engineering Fundamentals: Integrated Product Development", Prentice Hall, 1996.

5. Sammy G Sinha, "Successful Implementation of Concurrent Product and Process",

Wiley, John and Sons Inc., 1998.

 

 

MEPG 542      Mechanical Vibration and Acoustics                               3

 

Fundamentals of second Degree Freedom Systems- Harmonic Excitation, Response to periodic excitations. Laplace and Fourier Transform methods. Principle of vibration control. Viscous friction and dashpots. Examples from machine tools, vehicle suspension, torsional situation, instruments, vibration in shafts.

Multi-degree freedom systems: Normal mode vibration, co ordinate coupling, forced harmonic excitation, vibration absorber-damper. Finite element method of matrix formulation, Normal modes and orthogonality. Transient response of multi-degree freedom systems.

Longitudinal and transverse vibration of beams, forced response of beams. Vibration of plates- finite element techniques. Introduction to non-linear techniques. Introduction to random vibration. Vibration measurementation and instrumentation.

Basic concept of acoustics: Sound pressure, intensity and power- sound spectra. Acoustics energy density and impedance. Characteristics of sound- sound propagation and absorption. Assessment and measurement of sound. Basic concept of noise control and application- Traffic noise. Automotive noise. Environmental noise control. Case studies.

 

References:

1.      Thomson, W. T., Theory of Vibration with Applications. CBS Publishers and distributors, New Delhi, 1990.

2.      Petyt, H., Introduction to finite element and vibration analysis. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 1990.

3.      Srinivasan, P. Mechanical Vibration Analysis. Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi1982.

4.      Nigam, N. C. An Introduction to Random Vibration. MIT Press, 9185.

5.      Ghosh, M., A Text Book of Sound. S. Chand & Co. New Delhi, 1989.

6.      Hall, Donald E., Basic Acoustics. John Weiley and Sons. 1989.

7.      Bies, David A. and Hansen, Colin H., Engineering Noise Control- Theory and Practice. Chapman Hall, 1996.

 

 

 

 

Specialization Course  (Engineering Design)

 

MEPG 550     THERMAL ENERGY CONSERVATION                               3

 

Basic principles of energy conservation- Energy analysis and application of laws of thermodynamics for pumps, turbine, boiler, resistance heater, heat pump, refrigerator, first law efficiency, second law efficiency of thermodynamics and exergy analysis for various thermal systems. Energy consumption and rejection patterns for different thermal processes such as air  conditioning, drying, thermal power generation, boilers, furnaces etc. Energy conservation potential in different thermal processes- Types and applications of different energy recovery equipments such as run around coils, regenerators, recuperates, pumps, steam accumulators, storage boilers, waste heat boilers etc. Sensible heat, latent heat and thermo-chemical energy storage systems- thermal insulation and its role in energy conservation. Cogeneration   Case Studies

 

References:

1.      Dr. M. Dayal, Energy Conservation Handbook, Utility Publications, Secunderabad, 1988.

2.      K. Denno, Power System Design and Applications for Alternative Energy Sources, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1989.

3.      TERI Energy Data Directory and Year Book ( TEDDY), TERI, 1988.

4.      B. Sorenson, Renewable Energy, Academic Press, 1980.

5.      D. P. Mehta & A. Thumann, Handbook of Energy Engineering, The Fairmont Press, 1989.

6.      S. David Hu, Handbook of Industrial Energy Conservation, Van Nostrand, 1983.

7.      D.A. Reay and D.B.A. Macmicheal, Heat Pumps, 2nd edition, Pergamon, 1988

8.      Ludwig Von Cube, F. Steimle, Heat pump Technology, Buttorworths, 1981.

9.      J.W. Twidell, A.D. Weir, Renewable Energy Resources, ELBS publication, 1986.

10.  B. Mohanty & Aung Naing Do, Fundamentals of Cogeneration, ADEME, AIT, Bangkok, 1996.

 

       MEPG 551   NUMERICAL METHODS IN THERMAL   ENGINEERING      3

 

Governing equations for thermal systems. Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations, applications in thermal radiation and chemical equilibrium calculations. Time marching solutions-applications to reaction kinetics. Discretisation of derivatives-finite difference applications in steady conduction – simulation of transient conduction by finite difference applications in convective heat transfer. Finite volume method-applications in heat conduction – incompressible flow simulation- modeling of compressible flows-simulation of reacting systems. Introduction to FEM solution of steady heat conduction by FEM-incompressible flow simulation by FEM. Panel methods. Turbulent flow modeling.

 

References:

  1. E. Balagurusamy, Numerical Methods, Tata Mcgraw Hill, New Delhi, 1999
  2. K.A. Hoffman, S.T. Chiang, Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers, Engineering Education Systems, Kansas, USA,1993.
  3. A.H. Shapiro, The Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible fluid flow- Vol I, The Ronal Press Company, New York, 1953.
  4. J.D. Anderson, Modern Compressible Flow with Historical Perspective, McGraw Hill, 1982.
  5. H.M. Antia, Numerical Methods for scientists and Engineers, Tata Mcgraw Hill , New Delhi,1991.
  6. J.H. Mathews, Numerical Methods for Mathematics, Science and Engineering, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.

 

MEPG 552      IC Engine Combustion                                   3

 

Fuels and their properties, Review of basic thermodynamics and gaseous mixtures, Combustion thermodynamics, Stoichiometry, The first and Second law of thermodynamics applied to combustion, composition products in equilibrium .Basic combustion processes in SI and CI engines-Factors affecting combustion in these engines, Combustion Chambers, Instrumentation to study the combustion process .Pollutant formation in SI and CI engines- Factors affecting exhaust emissions – control measures for evaporative emissions. Thermal and catalytic converter- Engine management to reduce pollution – Instrumentation to measure pollution Emission Test Cycles, Emission Standards

 

References:

1.      J.B. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill, 1989.

2.      V. Ganeshan, Internal Combustion Engines, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1994.

3.      Richard Stone, Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines, The MacMillan Press, London, 1985.

4.      M.L. Mathur & R.P. Sharma, A course in Internal Combustion Engines, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, 1983.

5.      E.F. Obert, Internal Combustion Engine and Air Pollution, International Test Book Publishers, 1983.

6.      H. Cohen, G.E.C Rogers & H.I.H. Saravanamuttoo, Gas Turbine Theory, Longman, 1980.

 

 

MEPG 553      INCOMPRESSIBLE AND Compressible flows      3

 

Ideal and non-ideal flows. General equations of fluid motion, Navier stokes equations nad their exact solutions. Boundary Layer Theory: Wedge flows, Laminar flow over plates, cylinders and through pipes, Integral methods. Turbulence, models and flow equations, steady and unsteady turbulent boundary layers. Introduction to compressible viscouse flows, governing equations, flow with friction and heat transfer. Flow through nozzles and diffusers, Fanno and Rayleigh lines, Normal and oblique shocks.

References:

  1. R.H. Sabersky and A.J. Acosta, Fluid Flow, Macmillan, 1964.
  2. W.H.Li & S. H. Law, Principles of Fluid Mechanics, Addison Wesley, 1964.
  3. H. Schlisting, Boundary Layer Theory, McGraw Hill, 1980.
  4. Fox & McDonald, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley, 1998.
  5. T. Cebeci, P. Bradshaw, Momentum transfer in Boundary Layer, McGraw Hill Newyork.

 

 

 

 

  MEPG 554        ADVAnced Heat and Mass Transfer          3

 

Introduction – Review of Heat transfer Fundamentals – Steady and Transient Conduction and extended surface Heat Transfer,Numerical methods of analysis for steady and transient conduction. Steady laminar and turbulent heat transfer in external and internal flows. Heat transfer in laminar tube flow, turbulent flow in a tube, Heat transfer at high speeds, unsteady laminar and turbulent forced convection in Ducts and on plates Convection with body forces, two phase flow correlations .Radiation basics- mechanics, properties, shape factor and relations between shape factors, radiation in enclosures, Gas radiation, radiation exchanges, solar radiation, formulation for numerical solutions. Condensation and boiling heat transfer, film condensation, boiling heat transfer, Diffusion and convective mass transfer combined heat and mass transfer from plates and in pipes.

 

References:

1.      H. Schilisting, Boundary Layer Theory, McMillan, 1980.

2.      Incropera & Dewitt, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, John Wiley,1996.

3.      J.P. Holman, Heat Transfer, McGraw Hill, SI Metric Edition, 1989.

4.      E.R.G. Eckert & R.M. Drake, Analysis of Heat and Mass transfer, McGraw Hill Co,. 1980.

5.      M.N. Ozisik, Heat Transfer- Basic Approach, Mcgraw Hill, 1985

6.      T. Cebeci, P. Bradshaw, Momentum transfer in Boundary Layer, McGraw Hill Newyork.

 

 

 

MEPG 555                        Standards in Hydro turbo Machines                   3

 

 

Need for standardization - Areas, methods and organization - Nomenclature and sizing of parts & assemblies - Choice of materials - Testing methods - Selection of instruments - Requirements of calibration and checking - Choice of samples for testing - Study of national and international standards on Pumps and Hydroturbines - Standards in application of hydroturbomachines.

 

Course References

1. Hydraulic Institute standards for centrifugal, reciprocating and rotary pumps, 14th ed., 1983.
2. BPMA, Standards for pump makers and users, BHRA, 1973.
3. Trosklanski, A. T., Dictionary of Hydraulic Machines, Elsevier, 1985.
4. ISO handbook for Fluid Flow in Closed Conduits, 1983.
5. Various standards of ASME, ASTM, BSI, BIS, DIN, IEC, ISO, etc. related to pumps and hydroturbin

 

 

 

MEPG 556                        Cavitations                                                               3

Definition - Types and effects - Production of controlled cavitation and different study methods and equipments - Effect of liquid properties on inception of cavitation - Physics of cavitation - Cavitation in pumps and turbines: Critical zones, damage and performance effects - Testing pumps and turbines for cavitation behaviour - Design aspects for cavitation - free operation.

 

References:

Knapp, R. T., Daily, J. W. and Hammitt, F. G., "Cavitation", McGraw Hill, 1970.
2. Pearsall, I. S., "Cavitation", M & B Monograph ME / 10, Mills and Boon, 1972.
3. Hamitt, F. G., "Cavitation and Multiphase Flow Phenomena", McGraw Hill, 1980.
4. Wisiiqenus, G. F. (Ed)., "Cavitation - State of Knowledge", Proc. ASME Symp., 1969.
5. Proc. of I Mech. E. Intl. Conference on Cavitation, 1974, 1983.
6. I.I.Sc. Lecture Series on Cavitation, 1969, 1979.
7. Holl, J. W. and Billet (Eds), "Cavitation Research Facilities and Techniques", Proc. of Intl. Symp. ASME, 1987.
8. Young, F.R., "Cavitation", McGraw Hill, 1989

 

MEPG 557             Heat Exchanger Design                           3

Classification of heat exchangers (HX) - basic design methods for HX - Design of shell and tube HX. TEMA Code - Plate HX - Power Plant HX-HX for heat recovery at low, medium and high temperatures - Computerised methods for design and analysis of HX - Compact HX - Principles of boiler design - Codes for mechanical design of HX - Performance enhancement of HX - Fouling of HX - Testing, evaluation and maintenance of HX.

 

Course References

  1. Donald, Q. Kun D.Q., Process Heat Transfer, McGraw Hill, 1965.
    2. Hewitt G.F., Shires G.L. and Bott T.R., Process Heat Transfer, CRC Press, 1994.
    3. Kays W.M. and London A.L., Compact Heat Exchangers, McGraw Hill, 1964.
    4. Sadik Kakac, Hongtan Liu, Heat Exchanger Selection, Rating and Thermal Design, CRC Press, 2002.
    5. Martin H, Heat Exchangers, Hemisphere Publishing, 1992.
    6. Schunder E.U., Heat Exchanger Design Handbook Ed, Hemisphere Publishing

 

 

MEPG 558            Experimental Methods in Hydro Turbines      3

 

Measuring requirements in Hydro turbo machines - Characteristics of pumps and hydro turbines - Model testing - Setups for testing - Accidental and systematic errors - Error analysis - Design of probes and their calibration - Flow visualization - Unsteady flow measurements - Measurements in rotating systems - Noise and vibration measurements - Introduction to data logging and Computer Aided Instrumentation and Testing.

 

Course References

 

  1. Trosklanski, A..T., "Hydrometry - Theory and Practice of Hydraulic Measurements", Pergamon Press, 1960.
    2. Goldstein, R. J., "Fluid Mechanics Measurements", Hemisphere, 1963.
    3. Doeblin, E. O., "Measurement Systems - Application and Design", 3rd ed., McGraw Hill, 1983.
    4. Miller, R. W., "Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook, McGraw Hill, 1983.
    5. Hayward, A. T. J., "Flowmeters", Macmillan, 1979.
    6. Benedict, R. P., "Fundamentals of Temperature, Pressure and Flow Measurements", John Wiley, 1969.
    7. Finkel, J., "Computer Aided Experimentation: Interfacing to Microcomputers", John Wiley, 1975

 

 

MEPG 559            Design and Optimization of Energy Systems      3

 

Introduction to Energy System Design - Regression analysis and Equation fitting - Modelling of thermal equipment (heat exchangers, evaporators, condensers, turbo machines, distillation equipment) - System simulation (successive substitution, Newton Raphson method) - examples. Economic analysis. Optimization - Search methods, Linear Programming, Dynamic programming, geometric programming - Lagragian multipliers, Genetic Algorithms.

 

Course References

 

1. Jaluria Y, Design and Optimization of Thermal Systems, McGraw Hill, 1998.
2. Bejan A, Entropy generation through Heat and Fluid Flow, John Wiley, 1982.
3. Burmeister L c, Thermo Fluid System Design, Prentice Hall 1998.
4. Stoecker W.F., Design of Thermal Systems, McGraw Hill, 1989.
5. Bejan A., Tsatsaronis G and Moran M, Thermal Design and Optimization, John Wiley, 1996.
6. Arora J.S., Introduction to Optimum Design, McGraw Hill, 1989.

 

MEPG 560      Performance Analysis of Hydro turbo Machines      3

 

Basic equations and dimensional analysis - Two dimensional cascade - Simplified meridional flow analysis - Radial equilibrium analysis - Actuator disc theory applied to an axial flow turbomachine blade row - Mixed and radial turbomachines - Ducted propellers - Loss analysis of hydroturbomachine components - performance prediction.

 

Course References

1. Lewis, R. I., "Turbomachinery Performance Analysis", Arnold Publications, 1996.
2. Csanady, G. T., "Theory of Turbomachines", McGraw Hill, 1964.
3. Dixon, S. L., "Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1975.
4. Lewis, R. I., "Vortex Element Methods for Fluid Dynamic Analysis of Engineering Systems", Cambridge University Press, 1991.

 

MEPG 561      Advanced refrigeration and air-conditioning        3

 

Refrigeration Systems- Vapour compression system and compression cycles for multistage systems, gas cycle refrigeration, aircraft refrigeration cycle, Vapour sorption systems, computer aided analysis of compression, sorption and thermoelectric refrigeration systems, multipressure systems, and air-conditioning systems. System design- estimation of thermal load, insulation and vapour barriers, selection and matching of components – compressors, evaporators, condensers, expansion devices, matching of components, cyclic controls. Refrigerant selection: thermodynamic, chemical, physical requirements of refrigerants, lubricants in refrigeration, secondary refrigerants, mixed refrigerants, binary mixtures, natural refrigerants. Piping design- Location and arrangement of piping, vibration and noise, flow rates, pressure drops, liquid suction discharge lines, piping of multiple compressors, piping simulation. Airconditioning system design- summer air-conditioning, winter air-conditioning, estimation of cooling and heating load, effect of bypass factor, use of effective sensible heating factor, selection of air-conditioning apparatus for cooling, air-conditioning comfort chart, air-conditioning control, bypass reheat, volume controls, noise and vibration, computer aided design of air-conditioning system.

 

References:

1.      Stoecker & Jones, Refrigeration and Airconditioning, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985.

2.      R.J. Dossat, Principles of refrigeration, John Wiley, 1984.

3.      W.B. Goshney, Principles of Refrigeration, Cambridge university press, 1982.

4.      ASHRAE HandReferences, Equipment, Refrigeration, Fundamentals Volumes.

5.      C.P. Arora, Refrigeration and Airconditioning, Second Edition, McGraw Hill, 2000.

 

 

 MPEG 562             Thermal Turbo machinery                      3

 

Introduction to thermal power plants, steam generation, steam turbines and gas turbines.

Steam Turbines Impulse and reaction principles. Compounding, velocity diagrams for simple and multistage turbines, speed regulation. Governors and nozzle governors. Matching with steam generators and electric generators.

Gas turbines: Power plant cycle for stationery and aerospace and aircraft application. Component behaviour. Analysis of Ram Jet, Turbo Jet and Turbo Prop. Compressors and Combustors: Centrifugal and axial flow compressors. Velocity diagrams. Compressibility and cascade testing, performance, Different type of combustors, material requirement and cooling. Axial and radial flow turbines. Velocity diagrams, losses, blade design, testing and performance, characteristics. Matching of various components.

 

References:

1.      Cohen, H., Rogers, G.E.C. and Sawarnamutoo, H.I.H., Gas Turbine: Theory. Longman Group Ltd. 1989.

2.      Earl Logan Jr. Hand Book of Turbo machinery. Marcel Dekker Inc. USA 1992

3.      Yadav, R. Steam and gas Turbines. Central Publishing House, Allahabad, 1996

4.      Gordon, C, Aerodynamics of Gas Turbines and Rocket Propulsion, AIAA Education series, NY 1984.

 

 

Detailed Syllabus

Industrial Engineering specialization

MEPG 570                        Tribology and Lubrication                      3

 

Surface contacts and friction: Nature of engineering surface, surface topography, measurement of surface topography, contact between surfaces, elastic and plastic deformation, surface and sub surface stresses, surface tensions, surface energy, oxide films, Friction theory, junction growth, ploughing, surface films, Environmental effects on friction, temperature and friction, friction characteristics of metal and non metals, rolling friction, Friction measurements.

Wear, Adhesive wear mechanisms, adhesive wear models, material for adhesive wear situation. Abrasive wear, abrasive wear models, material selection for abrasive wear situations. Corrosive wear, Fatigue ware wear, Brittle fracture, wear measurement, wear of non-metals.

Lubricants and lubrication theory: Composition and properties of oil and grease lubricants, Gas lubrication, viscosity measurements, ASTM standards, lubrication regimes- hydrodynamic, elasto hydrodynamic, boundary and solid lubrication- Hydrodynamic lubrication theory, Reynolds Equation. Turbulent, inertia and thermal effects in fluid film. Bearings, Performance analysis of thrust bearings and journal bearings, selection and design. Elasto hydrodynamic lubrication theory, pressure and viscosity effects, film thickness equation. Hydrostatic bearing theory, thrust and journal bearings.

Roller bearings: Geometry- kinematics- materials and manufacturing process, separators, contact stress and deformation, static load distribution. Friction in roller bearing, lubrication in rolling bearings, lubrication systems, hydrodynamic lubrication in rolling bearings.

Surface engineering in tribology. Surface modification, thermo chemical process, surface coatings, vapour phase process. Fusion process.

 

References:

1.      Williams J.A., Engineering Tribology. Oxford University Press. 1994.

2.      Camerm A., Basic Lubrication Theory. Ellis Herward Ltd. UK 1981

3.      Hutchings, I.M., Tribology- Friction and Wear of Engineering Materials. Edward Arnold, 1992.

4.      Rabinowicz, E., Friction and Wear of Materials. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 1992.

 

 

 

MEPG 571                         CAD and Manufacturing                     3

 

CAD CAM Hardware: Devices and their functioning- Mainframe workstation, PC’s mouse, floppy drive, digitiser, Display devices, KBD etc. DOS, Windows and UNIX operating systems.

Computer graphics- Output primitive (points, lines, curves etc.). 2D transformations – translation, scaling and rotations. Windowing, view ports, clipping transformation.

CAD Software. Writing interactive programs to solve design problems and production drawings using languages like Auto lisp, C, Fortran etc. Creation of surfaces, solids etc. using solid modelling pack. (Prismatic and revolved parts)

Introduction to image processing. Fundamentals of Image formation, storage and retrieval . Binary grey and colour images. Principal of CCD cameras. Application of segmentation techniques to images. Application of imaging technique in CAD CAM.

Hierarchy of computers in manufacturing. Design consideration in hierarchical network of computers. Levels of hierarchy. Local Area Network. Network Topologies. Manufacturing and automation protocol. The planning functions. Types of CAPP. Case studies.

Programming of NC machines, NC part programming. Punched Tape and Tape Format. Manual part Programming. Computer assisted part programming. APT language, Manual data input, NC Programming using CAD CAM, Computer automated part programming.

Solid Modelling, Rapid Prototyping. Data Enhancing- Documentation- Customizing solid modelling systems.

 

 

References:

1.      Groover, Mikell P. Zimmers Emory W Jr. CAD/ CAM Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing. Prentice Hall Inc. 1984.

2.      Asthana & Sinha, N. K. Computer Graphics for Engineers. Wieley Eastern limited. 1993

3.      Ibrahim, Zeid. CAD/ CAM Theory and practice. Mc Graw Hill. 1991.

4.      Lacourse, Donald E. Handbook of Solid Modelling. Mc Graw Hill International Edition. 1995.

 

     MEPG 572      Productivity Management and Re-Engineering 3

 

Productivity Concepts, Scope of productivity engineering and management, productivity management, Productivity and re-engineering.

Productivity Management: Partial productivity and total productivity models, Break Even concepts, productivity planning and evaluation.

Re-engineering, the organization: The GR’s of organizational transformation and re-engineering, fundamental of process of re engineering. Preparing the workforce for transformation and reengineering methodology, organization guidelines- DS MCQ and PMP transformation Model.

Re engineering process improvement models: PMI leadership expectation setting models, Endosmwan production and service improvement model. Moen and Nolan strategy for process improvement. LMICIP personal improvement model. NPRDC process improvement model. Implementation of re engineering.

Concurrent Engineering: Basic concepts, concurrent engineering principles applied to process planning and product development.

 

References:

1.      Jayaram, M.S. And Ganesh Natarajan, Business Process Re engineering. TMH 1990.

2.      Samanth, David J. Productivity Engineering and Management. TMH 1990.

3.      Johnson, Endosomwan. Organizational Transformation and Process Reengineering. British Library Cataloging in Publication data. 1996.

 

 

MPEG 573      Food Processing Preservation and Transportation        3

 

Microbiology of food products, mechanisms of food spoilage, Thermal properties of food products, their effects on quality, optimum cold storage conditions, Environment friendly food processing techniques.

Processing and Preservation: Food Processing Techniques, Standard norms for processing, Plant layout, preservation of milk, butter, fruits, vegetables, meat foods, etc.-methods. Energy conservation in food processing industries. Cryo freezing in food preservation.

Freezing and drying. Precooling, Cold Storages, freezers, quick ferrying, freeze drying, Principles techniques and Equipment. Drying Limitations and equipment. Energy Conservation in drying process, Radiation Techniques, Food processing techniques for remote areas.

Cold Storage Design and Instrumentation. Design selection, matching, and installation of cold storages and freezers, Insulation, Instrumentation and control in freezers and cold storages.

Transportation: Refrigerated Transportation, Design features, piping, role of cryogenics in freezing and transportation. Liquid nitrogen for vehicle cooling.

 

References:

  1. Cwarm, S.E., Fundamentals of Food Engineering, AVI Publishing Corporation 1983
  2. Farnall, A.W., Engineering for Dairy and Food Products. Weiley Eastern Pvt. Ltd. 1987
  3. Gunthu, R.C., Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Cold storages. Chilton Book Co. 1989
  4. ASHRAE Hand Book, Inc. Atlanta (GA). Cold storage applications, Collection of papers from ASHRAE. Winter meeting at Delirious and Chicago, Jan 1988 &1989
  5. Halnoud, P.E., Cold and Freezer Storage Manual, AVI Publishing Co. Inc. West Part. 1980.

 

 

MEPG 574      Maintenance Management                                    3

 

Mechanical Systems and Maintenance considerations. Definition of maintenance. Types of Maintenance systems – breakdown, corrective, and preventive. A maintenance model, Analyzing maintenance requirements – The process , The business condition, Safety and Quality Standards, System Analysis, Failure Behavior, Condition Monitoring, Maintenance Planning and control, Equipment used in maintenance, Inventory Selection control. Human Factors and organization aspects for maintenance, Plant Rearrangement, Minor construction, and Subcontracted Services. Maintainability, Reliability, System Effectiveness, and Utilities management .The information flows, Documentation: Equipment wear Records, and diagnostic techniques. The role of computers in a maintenance program, computer controlled maintenance system. Case studies on various systems like heat power systems, fluid power system, hydropower system, and over ground and air transportation systems.

 

 

References:

 

1.      Terry Wiremann: Preventive Maintenance, Reston Publishing Company, Prentice-Hall, Reston, Virginia, USA.

2.      Miller & Bolld, Modern Maintenance Handbook

3.      Stainer: Plant Engg. Handbook

4.     Morrow: Maintenance Engg. Handbook

5.      Niebel, B.W., Engineering Maintenance Management, Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1994.

6.      G.F.Bell and J Blakwill, Management in Engineering, Prentice Hall India, 1998.

7.      Terry Wiremann: Computer Maintenance Management systems, 2nd Edition, Industrial Press.

8.      Joel Levitt: Handbook of Maintenance Management, Industrial press.

 

 

 

 

 

MEPG 575            Computer Aided Maintenance Management                                    3

 

Role of computer in maintenance management. Maintenance overview. Basics of software engineering. System analysis and design. Fundamentals of programming with specific emphasis of object oriented paradigms. Study of various available software and their implementation for maintenance. System analysis of various maintenance strategies, activities / modules and their implementation. Evaluation and optimum selection of computerised maintenance management system(CMMS), Knowledge based approach to maintenance management. Neural network for CMMS, Software consideration for design of CMMS, Maintenance through internet based technology . Case studies.

 

 

 

MEPG 576            Noise Monitoring and Control                                                   3

 

Introduction to noise, Properties of noise, Loudness and weighting networks, Octave and FFT analysis, Impulsive noise, Instrumentation for noise measurement and analysis, Sound power, Sound intensity technique, Noise source location, Noise diagnostics, Noise monitoring of machines with examples, Cepstrum analysis, Noise control methods, Maintenance and noise reduction, Vehicle and Machinery noise, Noise standards, Case studies.

 

MEPG 577            Maintenance Planning                                                         3

 

Objectives of planned maintenance, Maintenance philosophies, Preventive and Predictive maintenance, Emerging trends in maintenance-Proactive Maintenance, Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM), Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), etc, Implementation of Maintenance strategy, Maintenance organization, Basis of planned maintenance system, Maintenance planning and scheduling, Maintenance control system and documentation. Spares and inventory planning, Manpower planning, maintenance auditing. Human factors in maintenance and training, maintenance costing, Maintenance performance. Repair decisions- Repair, replacement and overhaul, Computer applications in maintenance, Expert systems applications, maintenance effectiveness, Case studies.

 

 

 

  MEPG 578            Computer aided Process Planning                                 3

Introduction: The Place of Process Planning in the Manufacturing cycle - Process Planning and Production Planning – Process Planning and Concurrent Engineering, CAPP, Group Technology.

Part Design Representation: Design Drafting - Dimensioning - Conventional tolerancing - Geometric tolerancing - CAD - input / output devices - topology - Geometric transformation - Perspective transformation - Data structure – Geometric modelling for process planning - GT coding - The optiz system - The MICLASS system.

Process Engineering And Process Planning: Experienced, based planning - Decision table and decision trees - Process capability analysis - Process Planning - Variant process planning - Generative approach - Forward and Backward planning, Input format, Al.

Computer Aided Process Planning Systems: Logical Design of a Process Planning - Implementation considerations -manufacturing system components, production Volume, No. of production families - CAM-I, CAPP, MIPLAN, APPAS, AUTOPLAN and PRO, CPPP.

An Intergarted Process Planning Systems: Totally intergarted process planning systems - An Overview - Modulus structure - Data Structure, operation - Report Generation, Expert process planning.

 

References:

1.      Gideon Halevi and Roland D. Weill, " Principles of Process Planning ", A logical approach, Chapman & Hall, 1995.

  1. Tien-Chien Chang, Richard A.Wysk, "An Introduction to automated process planning systems ", Prentice Hall, 1985.

3.      Chang, T.C., " An Expert Process Planning System ", Prentice Hall, 1985.

  1. Nanua Singh, " Systems Approach to Computer Intergrated Design and Manufacturing ", John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
  2. Rao, " Computer Aided Mnufacturing ", Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., 2000.

Web References:

1. http://claymore.engineer.gusu.edu/jackh/eod/automate/capp/capp.htm

2. http://Estraj.ute.sk/journal/engl/027/027.htm

 

MEPG 579            Design for Manufacture                                                 3

 

Introduction: General design principles for manufacturability - strength and mechanical factors, mechanisms selection, evaluation method, Process capability - Feature tolerances - Geometric tolerances - Assembly limits – Datum features - Tolerance stacks.

Factors Influencing Form Design: Working principle, Material, Manufacture, Design - Possible solutions - Materials choice - Influence of materials on from design - from design of welded members, forgings and castings.

Component Design-Machining Consideration: Design features to facilitate machining - drills - milling cutters - keyways - Doweling procedures, counter sunk screws - Reduction of machined area - simplification by separation - simplification by amalgamation - Design for machinability - Design for economy - Design for clampability - Design for accessibility - Design for assembly.

Component Design - Casting Considerations: Redesign of castings based on parting line considerations - Minimising core requirements, machined holes, redesign of cast members to obviate cores.

Redesign For Manufacture And Case Studies :Identification of uneconomical design - Modifying the design - group technology - Computer Applications for DFMA

 

References:

1. Harry Peck, "Design for Manufacture", Pittman Publication, 1983.

2. Robert Matousek, "Engineering Design - A systematic approach", Blackie & sons Ltd., 1963.

3. James G. Bralla, "Hand Book of Product Design for Manufacturing", McGraw Hill Co., 1986.

4. Swift K.G., "Knowledge based design for manufacture, Kogan Page Ltd., 1987.

 

  MEPG 580            Operations Research                                                       3

 

Introduction to operations research, its historical development, introduction to mathematical programming models and computational techniques, linear programming and simplex method, sensitivity analysis, transportation problem, dynamic programming, Integer programming, goal programming, network analysis, some of the main stochastic models used in engineering and operations research applications: Poisson process, birth and death processes with applications in queuing models, inventory models.

 

 

  MEPG 581            Industrial Safety                                                                  3

CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES: History of Safety movement – general concepts of management – planning for safety for optimization of productivity -productivity, quality and safety-line and staff functions for safety-budgeting for safety-safety policy.

Techniques-Incident Recall Technique (IRT) – disaster control – damage control-job safety analysis – safety survey – safety inspection – safety sampling – motivating techniques – evaluation of performance of supervisors on safety-safety posters – safety displays – safety pledge – safety lab.

Safety in Design of Process plants: Design principles – reliability and safety in designing – piping and instrumentation – safety during startup and shutdown – safety checks in the design of the equipments – design of storage vessels and reactors – reactor safety – safety in erection and commissioning of plants – safety in material handling – non-destructive testing – pressure and leak testing performance and reliability – emergency safety devices – scrubbers and flares – new concepts in safety design and operation.

Safety in Materials Handling: Storing of materials – scaffolding, hoisting cranes – use of conveyors and mobile cranes – manual handling.

Safety in Measurement: Main stages from charge build up to ignition and safety measures-control-earthing-elimination of incendiary discharge.

Safety in practice-general guidelines loading and unloading pneumatic transfer, sieving, grinding and mixing, dust generation-handling of powders in the presence of flammable gases and vapours. Safety measures in industries.

 

MEPG 582            Neural Network                                                                     3

Objectives:

The main objective of this course is to introduce the fundamental principles and techniques of neural network systems and to investigate the principal neural network models for their real world applications.

 

Suggested books:

  1. Fundamentals of Artificial Neural network by Mohamad H. Hassoun                ( Prentice-Hall of India Limited)
  2. Understanding Neural Networks and Fuzzy logic- Basic concepts and Application by Stamatios V. Kartalopoulos ( Prentice-Hall of India Limited)
  3. Neural Networks - Algorithms, Applications and Programming Techniques by James A. Freeman and David M Skapura ( Addison-Wesley)

 

 

MEPG 610            Dissertation                                                                         15